Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 54, Issue 1, pp 901–910 | Cite as

Electrospinning on a plucked string

  • Xiaoqing Chen
  • Youchen Zhang
  • Xuetao He
  • Haoyi LiEmail author
  • Bin Wei
  • Weimin Yang


Preparation of high-quality nanofibers by electrospinning with low applied voltage and industrial scales remains challenging. A novel differential electrospinning technology for nanofiber preparation was proposed, with which multiple jets are generated from the string by plucking. The spinning principles were investigated, and the operation parameters were optimized. Results showed that lower threshold electric field was required for jets generation by plucked string electrospinning compared with the conventional needleless electrospinning. The finest average diameter of nanofibers with a narrow distribution range of 143 ± 16 nm was obtained at an applied voltage of 25 kV, a PVA concentration of 8 wt%, a rotational speed of 150 rpm and a spinning distance of 7 cm. The maximum yield for single string was as high as 2.64 g h−1 at a PVA concentration of 12 wt%. It was demonstrated that the proposed technology is feasible for manufacturing of nanofibers with lower voltage and high productivity as the string could be modularly extended.



This work was supported by the National Key Research and Development Program (Grant No. 2016YFB0302002) and National Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51603009). The reviewers’ valuable comments are appreciated and Dr Yiqiang Fan was thanked for the grammar modifications of manuscript. We thank Dr Lisheng Cheng for the major revision improvement and Dr Jiahao Liang for the figures revision and manuscript improvement.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Mechanical and Electrical EngineeringBeijing University of Chemical TechnologyBeijingChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Organic–Inorganic CompositesBeijingChina

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