Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

, Volume 45, Issue 5, pp 871–882 | Cite as

Mother-Child Relationship in Youths with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and their Siblings

Article

Abstract

Despite impaired mother-child interactions noted in youth with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), there is no such information for their siblings. This study aimed to test whether the affected and unaffected siblings, like youth with ADHD, also encountered impaired mothering and mother-child relationships as compared to typically developing youth (TD). The sample consisted of 122 probands (107 males, 87.7 %), aged 10–16, with DSM-IV ADHD, 44 affected (26 males, 59.1 %) and 78 unaffected (28 males, 35.9 %) siblings, and 122 TD youth. Both participants and their mothers received psychiatric interviews (K-SADS-E) about the participants and reported maternal parenting style, mother-child interactions and child behavioral problems at home. Based on both reports, probands with ADHD and affected siblings (only youth report) had more impaired relationships, more behavioral problems at home, and less perceived family support than unaffected siblings and TD youth. Probands with ADHD had higher maternal authoritarian control than unaffected siblings. The findings suggest that impaired mothering, mother-child interactions, and family support are related to the presence of ADHD diagnosis in both probands and their affected siblings.

Keywords

Family support Parenting style ADHD Siblings Mother-child relationship 

Supplementary material

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychological MedicineInstitute of Psychiatry, Psychology, and Neuroscience, King’s College LondonLondonUK
  2. 2.Department of PsychiatryChina Medical University HospitalTaichungTaiwan
  3. 3.Department of Psychiatry, College of MedicineChina Medical UniversityTaichungTaiwan
  4. 4.Department of PsychiatryNational Taiwan University Hospital and College of MedicineTaipeiTaiwan
  5. 5.Department of Psychology, Graduate Institute of Clinical Medicine, Graduate Institute of Brain and Mind, and Graduate Institute of Epidemiology and Preventive MedicineNational Taiwan UniversityTaipeiTaiwan

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