Emotional Reactivity and Internalizing Symptoms: Moderating Role of Emotion Regulation
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Emotion dysregulation has been associated with increases in many forms of psychopathology in adolescents and adults. The development of effective emotion regulation skills is important during adolescence, especially as stressful life events increase during this time. The current study examined two emotion regulation strategies, cognitive reappraisal and affective suppression, in interaction with self-report and biological measures of emotional reactivity as predictors of internalizing symptoms. A community sample of adolescents (n = 127), at an age of risk for depression and anxiety, completed self-report measures of emotional reactivity and internalizing symptoms. In addition, they completed a modified social stress task and were assessed on biological measures of reactivity and regulation. Findings suggested that the trait tendency to reappraise was associated with a reduced impact of emotional reactivity on depressive, but not anxiety symptoms. Implications for shared and specific aspects of emotional reactivity and regulation are discussed.
KeywordsEmotion regulation Cognitive reappraisal Cortisol Emotional reactivity Depressive symptoms Anxiety symptoms
This study was funded by NIMH Grants MH79369 and MH101168 to Lauren B. Alloy and MH099764 to Benjamin G. Shapero.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
Benjamin G. Shapero, Lyn Y. Abramson, and Lauren B. Alloy declare that they have no conflict of interest or other financial disclosures.
The authors have complied with APA ethical standards in the treatment of participants; this study was approved by our Institutional Review Board and is in accordance with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and later amendments.
Informed consent and assent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study prior to study enrollment.
This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors.
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