pp 1–13 | Cite as

The One Health Approach to Toxoplasmosis: Epidemiology, Control, and Prevention Strategies

  • A. Alonso AguirreEmail author
  • Travis Longcore
  • Michelle Barbieri
  • Haydee Dabritz
  • Dolores Hill
  • Patrice N. Klein
  • Christopher Lepczyk
  • Emily L. Lilly
  • Rima McLeod
  • Judith Milcarsky
  • Caroline E. Murphy
  • Chunlei Su
  • Elizabeth VanWormer
  • Robert Yolken
  • Grant C. Sizemore


One Health is a collaborative, interdisciplinary effort that seeks optimal health for people, animals, plants, and the environment. Toxoplasmosis, caused by Toxoplasma gondii, is an intracellular protozoan infection distributed worldwide, with a heteroxenous life cycle that practically affects all homeotherms and in which felines act as definitive reservoirs. Herein, we review the natural history of T. gondii, its transmission and impacts in humans, domestic animals, wildlife both terrestrial and aquatic, and ecosystems. The epidemiology, prevention, and control strategies are reviewed, with the objective of facilitating awareness of this disease and promoting transdisciplinary collaborations, integrative research, and capacity building among universities, government agencies, NGOs, policy makers, practicing physicians, veterinarians, and the general public.


One Health Toxoplasma gondii Toxoplasmosis Transdisciplinarity Integrative research 


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Copyright information

© EcoHealth Alliance 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Alonso Aguirre
    • 1
    Email author
  • Travis Longcore
    • 2
  • Michelle Barbieri
    • 3
  • Haydee Dabritz
    • 4
  • Dolores Hill
    • 5
  • Patrice N. Klein
    • 6
  • Christopher Lepczyk
    • 7
  • Emily L. Lilly
    • 8
  • Rima McLeod
    • 9
  • Judith Milcarsky
    • 10
  • Caroline E. Murphy
    • 11
  • Chunlei Su
    • 12
  • Elizabeth VanWormer
    • 13
  • Robert Yolken
    • 14
  • Grant C. Sizemore
    • 15
  1. 1.Department of Environmental Science and PolicyGeorge Mason UniversityFairfaxUSA
  2. 2.Spatial Sciences InstituteUniversity of Southern CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA
  3. 3.NMFS/PIFSC/PSD/Hawaiian Monk Seal Research ProgramHonoluluUSA
  4. 4.Community Health BranchYolo County Health & Human Services AgencyWoodlandUSA
  5. 5.U.S. Department of AgricultureBeltsvilleUSA
  6. 6.United States Department of Agriculture Forest ServiceWashingtonUSA
  7. 7.Auburn UniversityAuburnUSA
  8. 8.Virginia Military InstituteLexingtonUSA
  9. 9.The University of ChicagoChicagoUSA
  10. 10.The House-Call VetDaytona BeachUSA
  11. 11.The Wildlife SocietyBethesdaUSA
  12. 12.M409 Walters Life SciencesUniversity of TennesseeKnoxvilleUSA
  13. 13.University of Nebraska-LincolnLincolnUSA
  14. 14.Stanley Neurovirology LaboratoryJohns Hopkins School of MedicineBaltimoreUSA
  15. 15.American Bird ConservancyWashingtonUSA

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