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Surgical Endoscopy

, Volume 24, Issue 2, pp 407–412 | Cite as

Laparoscopic cholecystectomy in cirrhotic patients: the value of MELD score and Child–Pugh classification in predicting outcome

  • Spiros Delis
  • Andreas Bakoyiannis
  • Juan Madariaga
  • John Bramis
  • Nikos Tassopoulos
  • Christos Dervenis
Article

Abstract

Background

Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a challenging procedure in patients with cirrhosis. This study aims to evaluate the safety and outcome of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in patients with cirrhosis and examines the value of model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score and Child–Pugh classification in predicting morbidity.

Materials and methods

From January 1995 to July 2008, 220 laparoscopic cholecystectomies were performed in cirrhotic, Child–Pugh class A and B patients. Indications included symptomatic gallbladder disease and cholecystitis. MELD score ranged between 8 and 27. Child–Pugh class and MELD score were preoperatively calculated and associated with postoperative results. Data regarding patients and surgical outcome were retrospectively analyzed.

Results

No deaths occurred. Postoperative morbidity occurred in 19% of the patients and included hemorrhage, wound complications, and intra-abdominal collections controlled conservatively. Intraoperative difficulty due to liver bed bleeding was experienced in 19 patients. Conversion to open cholecystectomy was necessary in 12 cases. Median operative time was 95 min. Median hospital stay was 4 days. Patients with preoperative MELD score above 13 showed a tendency for higher complication rate postoperatively. Child–Pugh classification did not seem to predict morbidity effectively.

Conclusion

Laparoscopic cholecystectomy can be performed safely in selected patients with cirrhosis Child–Pugh A and B and symptomatic cholelithiasis with acceptable morbidity. Some of its advantages are shorter operative time and reduced hospital stay. MELD score seems to predict morbidity more accurately than Child–Pugh classification system.

Keywords

Cirrhosis Laparoscopic cholecystectomy MELD 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Spiros Delis
    • 1
    • 2
  • Andreas Bakoyiannis
    • 2
  • Juan Madariaga
    • 1
  • John Bramis
    • 3
  • Nikos Tassopoulos
    • 4
  • Christos Dervenis
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of Liver and GI TransplantationUniversity of Miami Miller School of MedicineMiamiUSA
  2. 2.Liver Surgical Unit, 1st Surgical DepartmentKostantopouleio-“Agia Olga” HospitalAthensGreece
  3. 3.Ippokration General Hospital, Medical SchoolUniversity of AthensAthensGreece
  4. 4.First Department of MedicineWestern Attica General HospitalAthensGreece

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