Advertisement

X-ray spectroscopic and stroboscopic analysis of pulsed-laser ablation of Zn and its oxidation

  • 558 Accesses

  • 7 Citations

Abstract

Pulsed laser ablation in liquids (PLAL) as an attractive process for ligand-free nanoparticle synthesis represents a multiscale problem to understand the mechanisms and achieve control. Atomic and nanoscale processes interacting with macroscale dynamics in the liquid demand for sensitive tools for in-situ and structural analysis. By adding X-ray methods, we enlarge the available information on millimeter-scale bubble formation down to atomic-scale nanoparticle reactions. X-ray spectroscopy (XAS) can resolve the chemical speciation of the ablated material during the ablation from a zinc wire target showing a first oxidation step from zinc to zinc oxide within some 10 min followed by a slower reaction to hydrozincite. X-ray imaging investigations also give additional information on the bubble dynamics as we demonstrate by comparing the microsecond radiography and optical stroboscopy. We show different features of the detachment of the ablation bubble from a free wire. The location of the first collapse occurs in front of the target. While a first rebound bubble possesses an homogeneous interior, the subsequent rebound consists merely of a cloud of microbubbles.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Access options

Buy single article

Instant unlimited access to the full article PDF.

US$ 39.95

Price includes VAT for USA

Subscribe to journal

Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.

US$ 99

This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7

References

  1. 1.

    Ü. Özgür, Y.I. Alivov, C. Liu, A. Teke, M.A. Reshchikov, S. Doǧan, V. Avrutin, S.J. Cho, H. Morkoç, J. Appl. Phys. 98, 041301 (2005)

  2. 2.

    H. Usui, Y. Shimizu, T. Sasaki, N. Koshizaki, J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 120 (2005)

  3. 3.

    J.M. Cho, J.K. Song, S.M. Park, Bull. Korean Chem. Soc. 30, 1616 (2009)

  4. 4.

    P. Wagener, A. Schwenke, B.N. Chichkov, S. Barcikowski, J. Phys. Chem. C 114, 7618 (2010)

  5. 5.

    P. Camarda, L. Vaccaro, F. Messina, M. Cannas, Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 013103 (2015)

  6. 6.

    P. Camarda, F. Messina, L. Vaccaro, G. Buscarino, S. Agnello, F.M. Gelardi, M. Cannas, J. Appl. Phys. 120, 124312 (2016)

  7. 7.

    A. Fojtik, A. Henglein, Ber. Bunsenges. Phys. Chem. 97, 1493 (1993)

  8. 8.

    F. Mafuné, J. Kohno, Y. Takeda, T. Kondow, J. Phys. Chem B 105, 5114 (2001)

  9. 9.

    G. Compagnini, A.A. Scalisi, O. Puglisi, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 4, 27872791 (2002)

  10. 10.

    S. Barcikowski, A. Menéndez-Manjón, B. Chichkov, M. Brikas, G. Račiukaitis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 083113 (2007)

  11. 11.

    H. Zeng, X.W. Du, S.C. Singh, S.A. Kulinich, S. Yang, J. He, W. Cai, Adv. Funct. Mat. 22, 1333 (2012)

  12. 12.

    H. Zeng, W. Cai, Y. Li, J. Hu, P. Liu, J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 18260 (2005)

  13. 13.

    M. Fischer, J. Hormes, G. Marzun, P. Wagener, U. Hagemann, S. Barcikowski, Langmuir 32, 8793 (2016)

  14. 14.

    R. Streubel, S. Barcikowski, B. Gökce, Opt. Lett. 41, 1486 (2016)

  15. 15.

    S. Kohsakowski, B. Gökce, R. Tanabe, P. Wagener, A. Plech, Y. Ito, S. Barcikowski, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 18, 16585 (2016)

  16. 16.

    S. Ibrahimkutty, P. Wagener, A. Menzel, A. Plech, S. Barcikowski, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 103104 (2012)

  17. 17.

    P. Wagener, S. Ibrahimkutty, A. Menzel, A. Plech, S. Barcikowski, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 15, 3068 (2013)

  18. 18.

    K. Sasaki, T. Nakano, W. Soliman, N. Takada, Appl. Phys. Express 2, 046501 (2009)

  19. 19.

    A. De Giacomo, M. DellAglio, A. Santagata, R. Gaudiuso, O. De Pascale, P. Wagener, G.C. Messina, G. Compagnini, S. Barcikowski, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 15, 3083–3092 (2013)

  20. 20.

    T. Sakka, S. Iwanaga, Y.H. Ogata, A. Matsunawa, T. Takemoto, J. Chem. Phys. 112, 8645 (2000)

  21. 21.

    A. Tamura, A. Matsumoto, K. Fukami, N. Nishi, T. Sakka, J. Appl. Phys. 117, 173304 (2015)

  22. 22.

    M.R. Gavrilović, M. Cvejić, V. Lazić, S. Jovićević, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 18, 14629 (2016)

  23. 23.

    L. Lavisse, J.L. Le Garrec, L. Hallo, J.M. Jouvard, S. Charles, J. Perez, J.B.A. Mitchell, J. Decloux, M. Girault, V. Potin, H. Andrzejewski, M.C.M. de Lucas, S. Bourgeois, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 164103 (2012)

  24. 24.

    S. Ibrahimkutty, P. Wagener, T. dos Santos Rolo, D. Karpov, A. Menzel, T. Baumbach, S. Barcikowski, A. Plech, Sci. Rep. 5, 16313 (2015)

  25. 25.

    S. Reich, P. Schönfeld, P. Wagener, A. Letzel, S. Ibrahimkutty, B. Gökce, S. Barcikowski, A. Menzel, T. dos Santos Rolo, A. Plech, J. Coll. Interf. Sci. 489, 106 (2017)

  26. 26.

    T. dos Santos Rolo, A. Ershov, T. van de Kamp, T. Baumbach, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci USA 111, 3921–3926 (2014)

  27. 27.

    B. Ravel, M. Newville, J. Synchrotron Rad. 12, 537 (2005)

  28. 28.

    M. Schmidt, R. Pahl, V. Srajer, S. Anderson, Z. Ren, H. Ihee, S. Rajagopal, K. Moffat, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 101, 4799 (2004)

  29. 29.

    M.F. Lengke, B. Ravel, M.E. Fleet, G. Wanger, R.A. Gordon, G. Southam, Environ. Sci. Technol. 40, 6304 (2006)

  30. 30.

    S. Reich, P. Schönfeld, A. Letzel, S. Kohsakowski, M. Olbinado, B. Gökce, S. Barcikowski, A. Plech, Chem. Phys. Chem. 18, 1084 (2017)

  31. 31.

    A. Matsumoto, A. Tamura, A. Kawasaki, T. Honda, P. Gregorčič, N. Nishi, K. ichi Amano, K. Fukami, T. Sakka, Appl. Phys. A 122, 234 (2016)

  32. 32.

    E.A. Brujan, G.S. Keen, A. Vogel, J.R. Blake, Phys. Fluids 14, 85 (2002)

  33. 33.

    A. Shima, Y. Sato, Ingenieur. Archiv. 48, 85–95 (1979)

  34. 34.

    G.C. Messina, P. Wagener, R. Streubel, A.D. Giacomo, A. Santagata, G. Compagnini, S. Barcikowski, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 15, 3093–3098 (2013)

  35. 35.

    S. Scaramuzza, M. Zerbetto, V. Amendola, J. Phys. Chem. C 120, 9453 (2016)

  36. 36.

    S. Kohsakowski, A. Santagata, M. DellAglio, A. de Giacomo, S. Barcikowski, P. Wagener, B. Gökce, Appl. Surf. Sci. 403, 487 (2017)

  37. 37.

    M.R. Kalus, N. Bärsch, R. Streubel, E. Gökce, S. Barcikowski, B. Gökce, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 19, 7112 (2017)

  38. 38.

    S. Sasaki, H. Ikenoue, T. Tsuji, Y. Ishikawa, N. Koshisaki, Chem. Phys. Chem. 18, 1101 (2017)

  39. 39.

    M. Procházka, P. Mojzeš, J. Štěpánek, B. Vlcková, P.Y. Turpin, Anal. Chem. 69, 5103 (1997)

  40. 40.

    B. Gökce, D.D. van ’t Zand, A. Menendez-Manjon, S. Barcikowski, Chem. Phys. Lett. 626, 96 (2015)

  41. 41.

    S. Jendrzej, B. Gökce, V. Amendola, S. Barcikowski, J. Coll. Interf. Sci. 463, 299 (2016)

  42. 42.

    P. D’Angelo, A. Zitolo, F. Ceccacci, R. Caminiti, G. Aquilanti, J. Chem. Phys. 135, 154509 (2011)

  43. 43.

    A. Moezzi, M. Cortie, A. McDonagh, Dalton Trans. 40, 4871 (2011)

  44. 44.

    P. Kowalik, M. Konkol, K. Antoniak-Jurak, W. Próchniak, P. Wierciocha, M. Rawski, T. Borowiecki, Mat. Res. Bull. 65, 149 (2015)

  45. 45.

    C.L.B.C.W.B.B.G. Marzun, H. Bönnemann, Chem. Phys. Chem. 18, 1175 (2017)

  46. 46.

    R.B. Reed, D. Ladner, C.P. Higgins, P. Westerhoff, J. Ranville, Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 31, 93 (2012)

  47. 47.

    A. Letzel, B. Gökce, P. Wagener, S. Ibrahimkutty, A. Menzel, A. Plech, S. Barcikowski, J. Phys. Chem. C 121, 5356 (2017)

Download references

Acknowledgements

This work is supported by Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft under contrast BA 3580/15-1 and PL325/8-1 and through research within ”Matter, Materials to Life” of the Helmholtz Association. We wish to thank M. Zuber and T. Spangenberg for support during experiments at the synchrotron ANKA at KIT for provision of beamtime and M. Winterer for the access to the X-ray diffractometer.

Author information

Correspondence to Anton Plech.

Electronic supplementary material

Below is the link to the electronic supplementary material.

Supplementary material 1 (AVI 26,750 kb)

Supplementary material 1 (AVI 26,750 kb)

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Reich, S., Göttlicher, J., Letzel, A. et al. X-ray spectroscopic and stroboscopic analysis of pulsed-laser ablation of Zn and its oxidation. Appl. Phys. A 124, 71 (2018) doi:10.1007/s00339-017-1503-3

Download citation