Living Reference Work Entry

Encyclopedia of Computational Neuroscience

pp 1-5

Date: Latest Version

Neuromorphic Sensors, Vision

  • Bernabe Linares-BarrancoAffiliated withInstituto de Microelectrónica de Sevilla (IMSE-CNM), CSIC and University of Sevilla Email author 
  • , Teresa Serrano-GotarredonaAffiliated withInstituto de Microelectrónica de Sevilla (IMSE-CNM), CSIC and University of Sevilla

Definition

Neuromorphic sensors are artificial man-made sensors that try to imitate some of the working principles or structures of their biological counterparts. A neuromorphic vision sensor is, therefore, an artificial man-made vision sensor that mimics some of the working principles or structures found in living animals’ visual systems.

Detailed Description

Conventional video cameras are based capturing a sequence of still frames. Improving a camera means normally to increase the total number of pixels (resolution) and/or to increase the number of frames per second that can be captured, while reducing sensor area, power consumption, and possibly fabrication cost. These cameras just capture the light intensities of visual reality. If they are to be used in an artificial vision system (e.g., for robotics), then subsequent computing resources need to be allocated to analyze the sequence of captured frames and extract relevant information for decision making. The more resolution or the hig ...

This is an excerpt from the content