Baldwin, J. M.

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Basic Biographical Information

James Mark Baldwin was born in 1861 to a well-to-do Presbyterian family in South Carolina. He began his career at the University of Princeton within the intellectual atmosphere of the Scottish School of Common Sense advocated by James McCosh. Like other psychologists of his generation, he traveled to Europe and became familiar with the experimental psychology of Wundt. He also came in contact with the philosophy of Spinoza and the French psychology of the time, which he was especially interested in. Otherwise his education developed within the atmosphere of the newly formed school of North American functionalism and was especially concerned with giving a place to psychology within evolution. He was a professor at Lake Forest University, the University of Toronto, Princeton and Johns Hopkins University, as well as the École des Hautes Études of Paris.

As a result of the influences that he received, Baldwin distanced himself from ...