Campbell, William Wallace
- Joseph S. Tenn
- … show all 1 hide
BornHancock County, Ohio, USA, 11 April 1862
DiedSan Francisco, California, USA, 14 June 1938
William Campbell (Wallace to his friends), a spectroscopist and Lick Observatory director, designed spectrographs, measured a large number of radial velocities, and led a number of eclipse expeditions, one of which decisively confirmed the Albert Einstein deflection of starlight.
After a childhood of poverty and hard work on an Ohio farm, Campbell earned enough by teaching school to enter the University of Michigan as a civil engineering student. In his third year he discovered Simon Newcomb’s Popular Astronomy, and it changed his life. He devoured the book in 2 days and 2 nights and decided to become an astronomer. Professor John Schaeberle taught him to observe and to calculate comet orbits, activities that continued to command his interest for severa ...
- Campbell, W. W. (1891). A Handbook of Practical Astronomy for University Students and Engineers. Ann Arbor, Michigan: Inland Press. Enlarged and revised as The Elements of Practical Astronomy. New York: Macmillan, 1899. (A classic that was reprinted many times.)
- — (1913). Stellar Motions. New Haven: Yale University Press.
- Crelinsten, Jeffrey (1984). “William Wallace Campbell and the ‘Einstein Problem’: Observational Astronomer Confronts the Theory of Relativity.” Historical Studies in the Physical Sciences 14: 1–91.
- DeVorkin, David H. (1977). “W. W. Campbell’s Spectroscopic Study of the Martian Atmosphere.” Quarterly Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society 18: 37–53.
- Klüber, H. von (1960). “The Determination of Einstein’s Light-Deflection in the Gravitational Field of the Sun.” Vistas in Astronomy 3: 47–77.
- Osterbrock, Donald E. (1989). “To Climb the Highest Mountain: W. W. Campbell’s 1909 Mars Expedition to Mount Whitney.” Journal for the History of Astronomy 20: 77–97.
- Osterbrock, Donald E., John R. Gustafson, and W. J. Shiloh Unruh (1988). Eye on the Sky: Lick Observatory’s First Century. Berkeley: University of California Press.
- Pang, Alex Soojung-Kim (1996). “Gender, Culture, and Astrophysical Fieldwork: Elizabeth Campbell and the Lick Observatory-Crocker Eclipse Expeditions.” Osiris 11: 17–43.
- Tenn, Joseph S. (1992). “Wallace Campbell: The Twelfth Bruce Medalist.” Mercury 21, no. 2: 62–63, 75.
- Wright, William H. (1949). “William Wallace Campbell.” Biographical Memoirs, National Academy of Sciences 25: 35–74.
- Campbell, William Wallace
- Reference Work Title
- Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers
- pp 360-363
- Print ISBN
- Online ISBN
- Springer New York
- Copyright Holder
- Springer Science+Business Media New York
- Additional Links
- eBook Packages
- Editor Affiliations
- 1. Department of Earth Science, University of Northern Iowa
- 2. University of California, Irvine School of Physical Sciences
- 3. Rice University
- 4. Whitman College
- 5. York Univesity
- 6. University of Wisconsin
- 7. University of Oklahoma
- 8. Harvard University
- Joseph S. Tenn (39)
- Author Affiliations
- 39. Department of Physics & Astronomy, Sonoma State University, Rohnert Park, CA, USA
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