Chapter

Formal Methods for Quantitative Aspects of Programming Languages

Volume 6154 of the series Lecture Notes in Computer Science pp 43-86

Measurement-Based and Universal Blind Quantum Computation

  • Anne BroadbentAffiliated withInstitute for Quantum Computing, University of Waterloo
  • , Joseph FitzsimonsAffiliated withInstitute for Quantum Computing, University of WaterlooMaterials Department, University of Oxford
  • , Elham KashefiAffiliated withSchool of Informatics, University of Edinburgh

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Abstract

Measurement-based quantum computation (MBQC) is a novel approach to quantum computation where the notion of measurement is the main driving force of computation. This is in contrast with the more traditional circuit model which is based on unitary operation. We review here the mathematical model underlying MBQC and the first quantum cryptographic protocol designed using the unique features of MBQC.