Distinguishing between Camera and Scanned Images by Means of Frequency Analysis

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Abstract

Distinguishing the kind of sensor which has acquired a digital image could be crucial in many scenarios where digital forensic techniques are called to give answers. In this paper a new methodology which permits to determine if a digital photo has been taken by a camera or has been scanned by a scanner is proposed. Such a technique exploits the specific geometrical features of the sensor pattern noise introduced by the sensor in both cases and by resorting to a frequency analysis can infer if a periodicity is present and consequently which is the origin of the digital content. Experimental results are presented to support the theoretical framework.