Distinguishing between Camera and Scanned Images by Means of Frequency Analysis
- Cite this paper as:
- Caldelli R., Amerini I., Picchioni F. (2009) Distinguishing between Camera and Scanned Images by Means of Frequency Analysis. In: Sorell M. (eds) Forensics in Telecommunications, Information and Multimedia. e-Forensics 2009. Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering, vol 8. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
Distinguishing the kind of sensor which has acquired a digital image could be crucial in many scenarios where digital forensic techniques are called to give answers. In this paper a new methodology which permits to determine if a digital photo has been taken by a camera or has been scanned by a scanner is proposed. Such a technique exploits the specific geometrical features of the sensor pattern noise introduced by the sensor in both cases and by resorting to a frequency analysis can infer if a periodicity is present and consequently which is the origin of the digital content. Experimental results are presented to support the theoretical framework.
Keywordsdigital forensic source identification scanner sensor noise
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