Chapter

Equilibrium Theory for Cournot Oligopolies and Related Games

Part of the series Springer Series in Game Theory pp 89-100

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Pure Strategy Equilibria in Finite Symmetric Concave Games and an Application to Symmetric Discrete Cournot Games

  • Takuya Iimura
  • , Takahiro WatanabeAffiliated withDepartment of Business Administration, Tokyo Metropolitan University Email author 

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Abstract

We consider a finite symmetric game where the set of strategies for each player is a one-dimensional integer interval. We show that a pure strategy equilibrium exists if the payoff function is concave with respect to the own strategy and satisfies a pair of symmetrical conditions near the symmetric strategy profiles. As an application, we consider a symmetric Cournot game in which each firm chooses an integer quantity of product. It is shown, among other things, that if the industry revenue function is concave, the inverse demand function is nonincreasing, and the cost function is convex, then the payoff function of the firm satisfies the conditions and this symmetric game has a pure strategy equilibrium.