Gender Differences: The Role of Nature, Nurture, Social Identity and Self-organization

  • Gert Jan Hofstede
  • Frank Dignum
  • Rui Prada
  • Jillian Student
  • Loïs Vanhée
Conference paper

DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-14627-0_6

Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9002)
Cite this paper as:
Hofstede G.J., Dignum F., Prada R., Student J., Vanhée L. (2015) Gender Differences: The Role of Nature, Nurture, Social Identity and Self-organization. In: Grimaldo F., Norling E. (eds) Multi-Agent-Based Simulation XV. MABS 2014. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 9002. Springer, Cham

Abstract

This paper describes an agent-based model to investigate the origins of gender differences in social status. The agents’ basic behaviour is modelled according to Kemper’s sociological status-power theory. Differences in the socializing forces of the surrounding society are modelled using Hofstede’s dimensions of culture. Particulars of play behaviour are modelled using experimental child development studies from various cultures. The resulting model is presented and discussed. Social identity as a group of either non-gendered children, boys, or girls, seems a powerful force, multiplying the effect of biological differences. The model is actually general enough to be applicable to a wide range of social behaviours with minimal changes.

Keywords

Agent-based model Gender Aggression Rough-and-tumble Social identity Status-power theory Culture Self-organisation Emergence 

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gert Jan Hofstede
    • 1
  • Frank Dignum
    • 2
  • Rui Prada
    • 3
  • Jillian Student
    • 1
  • Loïs Vanhée
    • 2
  1. 1.Wageningen UniversityWageningenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Utrecht UniversityUtrechtThe Netherlands
  3. 3.INESC-IDLisbonPortugal

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