Chapter

Endovascular Interventions

pp 979-991

Date:

Jugular Interventions for Multiple Sclerosis and Chronic Cerebrospinal Venous Insufficiency

  • Jason P. VachonAffiliated withDepartment of Radiology, Albany Medical Center Hospital
  • , Gary P. SiskinAffiliated withDepartment of Radiology, Albany Medical Center Hospital

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Abstract

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory disease resulting in demyelination of the central nervous system. First described pathologically by Robert Carswell in 1838, this disorder typically arises in young adults with approximately 12,000 new diagnoses each year in the United States alone. While the precise cause of this disease has yet to be elucidated, a combination of genetic and environmental factors is felt to be responsible for the autoimmune-mediated nature of this condition.