Residue Reviews pp 87-140

Toxaphene

  • Gerald A. Pollock
  • Wendell W. Kilgore
Conference paper

DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4612-6281-7_3

Volume 69 of the book series Residues of Pesticides and Other Contaminants in the Total Environment (RECT)
Cite this paper as:
Pollock G.A., Kilgore W.W. (1978) Toxaphene. In: Gunther F.A., Gunther J.D. (eds) Residue Reviews. Residues of Pesticides and Other Contaminants in the Total Environment, vol 69. Springer, New York, NY

Abstract

“Hercules 3956,” or toxaphene, was introduced in the mid 1940s as a new insecticide and by 1948 it was being used commercially for the control of a variety of insect pests (West and Campbell 1952). Chemically, toxaphene is a complex mixture of chlorinated camphene derivatives containing 67 to 69% chlorine. Recent research had disclosed that this complex substance contains at least 177 separate components (Casidaet al. 1974, Holmsteadet al. 1974).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gerald A. Pollock
    • 1
  • Wendell W. Kilgore
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Veterinary Medicine/Veterinary and Comparative Anatomy, Pharmacology, and PhysiologyUniversity of IdahoMoscowUSA
  2. 2.Department of Environmental ToxicologyUniversity of CaliforniaDavisUSA