Preventive Dermatology

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Prevention of Cosmetic Problems

  • Zoe Diana DraelosAffiliated withDepartment of Dermatology, Duke University School of Medicine Email author 

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Cosmetic problems can be prevented through proper diagnosis and the use of carefully selected products. These products typically fall in the over-the-counter (OTC) realm and can be classified as true cosmetics or OTC drugs. Products that are considered cosmetics include moisturizers, lip balms, and shaving preparations while OTC drugs include sunscreens and antiperspirants. This chapter examines the use of these products in the prevention of cosmetic-related skin disease including facial eczema, eyelid dermatitis, cheilitis, postinflammatory hyperpigmentation, hyperhidrosis, and acne. These are common cosmetic problems that can be exacerbated or alleviated based on the dermatologist’s ability to correctly recommend prescription and complimentary nonprescription therapies.