September 2012, 12:148,
Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.
Date: 06 Sep 2012
Effectiveness guidance document (EGD) for acupuncture research - a consensus document for conducting trials
There is a need for more Comparative Effectiveness Research (CER) to strengthen the evidence base for clinical and policy decision-making. Effectiveness Guidance Documents (EGD) are targeted to clinical researchers. The aim of this EGD is to provide specific recommendations for the design of prospective acupuncture studies to support optimal use of resources for generating evidence that will inform stakeholder decision-making.
Document development based on multiple systematic consensus procedures (written Delphi rounds, interactive consensus workshop, international expert review). To balance aspects of internal and external validity, multiple stakeholders including patients, clinicians and payers were involved.
Recommendations focused mainly on randomized studies and were developed for the following areas: overall research strategy, treatment protocol, expertise and setting, outcomes, study design and statistical analyses, economic evaluation, and publication.
The present EGD, based on an international consensus developed with multiple stakeholder involvement, provides the first systematic methodological guidance for future CER on acupuncture.
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- Effectiveness guidance document (EGD) for acupuncture research - a consensus document for conducting trials
- Open Access
- Available under Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.
BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
- Online Date
- September 2012
- Online ISSN
- BioMed Central
- Additional Links
- Comparative effectiveness research
- Effectiveness guidance document
- Claudia M Witt (1) (2)
- Mikel Aickin (3)
- Trini Baca (4)
- Dan Cherkin (5)
- Mary N Haan (6)
- Richard Hammerschlag (7)
- Jason Jishun Hao (8)
- George A Kaplan (9)
- Lixing Lao (2)
- Terri McKay (4)
- Beverly Pierce (10)
- David Riley (11)
- Cheryl Ritenbaugh (3)
- Kevin Thorpe (12)
- Sean Tunis (13)
- Jed Weissberg (14)
- Brian M Berman (2)
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Institute for Social Medicine, Epidemiology and Health Economics, Charité University Medical Center, Berlin, Germany
- 2. Center for Integrative Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
- 3. Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson, USA
- 4. Patient stakeholder, Kragujevac, USA
- 5. Group Health Center for Health Studies, Seattle, USA
- 6. Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California, San Francisco, USA
- 7. Research Department, Oregon College of Oriental Medicine, Portland, Oregon, USA
- 8. International Academy of Scalp Acupuncture, Southwest Acupuncture College, Santa Fe, USA
- 9. Center for Social Epidemiology and Population Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
- 10. The Institute for Integrative Health, Community programs, Baltimore, USA
- 11. Integrative Medicine, University of New Mexico Medical School, Albuquerque, USA
- 12. Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
- 13. Center for Medical Technology Policy, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
- 14. Kaiser Foundation Health Plan and Hospitals, Hospitals, Quality and Care Delivery Excellence, Oakland, USA