Regular Article - Experimental Physics

The European Physical Journal C

, 65:111

First online:

Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.

First proton–proton collisions at the LHC as observed with the ALICE detector: measurement of the charged-particle pseudorapidity density at \(\sqrt{s}=900\)  GeV

  • The ALICE Collaboration
  • , K. AamodtAffiliated withDepartment of Physics, University of Oslo
  • , N. AbelAffiliated withKirchhoff-Institut für Physik, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • , U. AbeysekaraAffiliated withPhysics Department, Creighton University
  • , A. Abrahantes QuintanaAffiliated withCentro de Aplicaciones Tecnológicas y Desarrollo Nuclear (CEADEN)
  • , A. AceroAffiliated withCentro de Investigaciones Energéticas Medioambientales y Tecnológicas (CIEMAT)
  • , D. AdamováAffiliated withNuclear Physics Institute, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
  • , M. M. AggarwalAffiliated withPhysics Department, Panjab University
  • , G. Aglieri RinellaAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , A. G. AgocsAffiliated withKFKI Research Institute for Particle and Nuclear Physics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences
    • , S. Aguilar SalazarAffiliated withInstituto de Física, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
    • , Z. AhammedAffiliated withVariable Energy Cyclotron Centre
    • , A. AhmadAffiliated withDepartment of Physics, Aligarh Muslim University
    • , N. AhmadAffiliated withDepartment of Physics, Aligarh Muslim University
    • , S. U. AhnAffiliated withKangnung National University
    • , R. AkimotoAffiliated withUniversity of Tokyo
    • , A. AkindinovAffiliated withInstitute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics
    • , D. AleksandrovAffiliated withRussian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
    • , B. AlessandroAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , R. Alfaro MolinaAffiliated withInstituto de Física, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
    • , A. AliciAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , E. Almaráz AviñaAffiliated withInstituto de Física, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
    • , J. AlmeAffiliated withDepartment of Physics and Technology, University of Bergen
    • , T. AltAffiliated withKirchhoff-Institut für Physik, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
    • , V. AltiniAffiliated withDipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
    • , S. AltinpinarAffiliated withExtreMe Matter Institute EMMI, GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
    • , C. AndreiAffiliated withNational Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering
    • , A. AndronicAffiliated withExtreMe Matter Institute EMMI, GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
    • , G. AnelliAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , V. AngelovAffiliated withKirchhoff-Institut für Physik, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
    • , C. AnsonAffiliated withDepartment of Physics, Ohio State University
    • , T. AntičićAffiliated withRudjer Bošković Institute
    • , F. AntinoriAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , S. AntinoriAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , K. AntipinAffiliated withInstitut für Kernphysik, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
    • , D. AntończykAffiliated withInstitut für Kernphysik, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
    • , P. AntonioliAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , A. AnzoAffiliated withInstituto de Física, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
    • , L. AphecetcheAffiliated withSUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de Nantes, Université de Nantes, CNRS-IN2P3
    • , H. AppelshäuserAffiliated withInstitut für Kernphysik, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
    • , S. ArcelliAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , R. ArceoAffiliated withInstituto de Física, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
    • , A. ArendAffiliated withInstitut für Kernphysik, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
    • , N. ArmestoAffiliated withDepartamento de Física de Partículas and IGFAE, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela
    • , R. ArnaldiAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , T. AronssonAffiliated withYale University
    • , I. C. ArseneAffiliated withDepartment of Physics, University of Oslo
    • , A. AsryanAffiliated withV. Fock Institute for Physics, St. Petersburg State University
    • , A. AugustinusAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , R. AverbeckAffiliated withExtreMe Matter Institute EMMI, GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
    • , T. C. AwesAffiliated withOak Ridge National Laboratory
    • , J. ÄystöAffiliated withHelsinki Institute of Physics (HIP) and University of Jyväskylä
    • , M. D. AzmiAffiliated withDepartment of Physics, Aligarh Muslim University
    • , S. BablokAffiliated withDepartment of Physics and Technology, University of Bergen
    • , M. BachAffiliated withFrankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
    • , A. BadalàAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , Y. W. BaekAffiliated withKangnung National University
    • , S. BagnascoAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , R. BailhacheAffiliated withExtreMe Matter Institute EMMI, GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
    • , R. BalaAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , A. BaldisseriAffiliated withCommissariat à l’Energie Atomique, IRFU
    • , A. BalditAffiliated withLaboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire (LPC), Clermont Université, Université Blaise Pascal, CNRS–IN2P3
    • , J. BánAffiliated withInstitute of Experimental Physics, Slovak Academy of Sciences
    • , R. BarberaAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , G. G. BarnaföldiAffiliated withKFKI Research Institute for Particle and Nuclear Physics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences
    • , L. BarnbyAffiliated withSchool of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham
    • , V. BarretAffiliated withLaboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire (LPC), Clermont Université, Université Blaise Pascal, CNRS–IN2P3
    • , J. BartkeAffiliated withThe Henryk Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences
    • , F. BarileAffiliated withDipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
    • , M. BasileAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , V. BasmanovAffiliated withRussian Federal Nuclear Center (VNIIEF)
    • , N. BastidAffiliated withLaboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire (LPC), Clermont Université, Université Blaise Pascal, CNRS–IN2P3
    • , B. BathenAffiliated withInstitut für Kernphysik, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster
    • , G. BatigneAffiliated withSUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de Nantes, Université de Nantes, CNRS-IN2P3
    • , B. BatyunyaAffiliated withJoint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR)
    • , C. BaumannAffiliated withInstitut für Kernphysik, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster
    • , I. G. BeardenAffiliated withNiels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen
    • , B. BeckerAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , I. BelikovAffiliated withInstitut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien (IPHC), Université de Strasbourg, CNRS-IN2P3
    • , R. BellwiedAffiliated withWayne State University
    • , E. Belmont-MorenoAffiliated withInstituto de Física, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
    • , A. BelogianniAffiliated withPhysics Department, University of Athens
    • , L. BenhabibAffiliated withSUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de Nantes, Université de Nantes, CNRS-IN2P3
    • , S. BeoleAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , I. BerceanuAffiliated withNational Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering
    • , A. BercuciAffiliated withExtreMe Matter Institute EMMI, GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
    • , E. BerdermannAffiliated withExtreMe Matter Institute EMMI, GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
    • , Y. BerdnikovAffiliated withPetersburg Nuclear Physics Institute
    • , L. BetevAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , A. BhasinAffiliated withPhysics Department, University of Jammu
    • , A. K. BhatiAffiliated withPhysics Department, Panjab University
    • , L. BianchiAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , N. BianchiAffiliated withLaboratori Nazionali di Frascati, INFN
    • , C. BianchinAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , J. BielčíkAffiliated withFaculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague
    • , J. BielčíkováAffiliated withNuclear Physics Institute, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
    • , A. BilandzicAffiliated withNational Institute for Nuclear and High Energy Physics (NIKHEF)
    • , L. BimbotAffiliated withInstitut de Physique Nucléaire d’Orsay (IPNO), Université Paris-Sud, CNRS-IN2P3
    • , E. BiolcatiAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , A. BlancAffiliated withLaboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire (LPC), Clermont Université, Université Blaise Pascal, CNRS–IN2P3
    • , F. BlancoAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , F. BlancoAffiliated withCentro de Investigaciones Energéticas Medioambientales y Tecnológicas (CIEMAT)
    • , D. BlauAffiliated withRussian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
    • , C. BlumeAffiliated withInstitut für Kernphysik, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
    • , M. BoccioliAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , N. BockAffiliated withDepartment of Physics, Ohio State University
    • , A. BøgdanovAffiliated withMoscow Engineering Physics Institute
    • , H. BøggildAffiliated withNiels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen
    • , M. BogolyubskyAffiliated withInstitute for High Energy Physics
    • , J. BohmAffiliated withYonsei University
    • , L. BoldizsárAffiliated withKFKI Research Institute for Particle and Nuclear Physics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences
    • , M. BombaraAffiliated withSchool of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham
    • , C. BombonatiAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , M. BondilaAffiliated withHelsinki Institute of Physics (HIP) and University of Jyväskylä
    • , H. BorelAffiliated withCommissariat à l’Energie Atomique, IRFU
    • , V. BorshchovAffiliated withScientific Research Technological Institute of Instrument Engineering
    • , C. BortolinAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , S. BoseAffiliated withSaha Institute of Nuclear Physics
    • , L. BosisioAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , F. BossúAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , M. BotjeAffiliated withNational Institute for Nuclear and High Energy Physics (NIKHEF)
    • , S. BöttgerAffiliated withKirchhoff-Institut für Physik, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
    • , G. BourdaudAffiliated withSUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de Nantes, Université de Nantes, CNRS-IN2P3
    • , B. BoyerAffiliated withInstitut de Physique Nucléaire d’Orsay (IPNO), Université Paris-Sud, CNRS-IN2P3
    • , M. BraunAffiliated withV. Fock Institute for Physics, St. Petersburg State University
    • , P. Braun-MunzingerAffiliated withExtreMe Matter Institute EMMI, GSI Helmholtzzentrum für SchwerionenforschungInstitut für Kernphysik, Technische Universität Darmstadt
    • , L. BravinaAffiliated withDepartment of Physics, University of Oslo
    • , M. BregantAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , T. BreitnerAffiliated withKirchhoff-Institut für Physik, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
    • , G. BrucknerAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , R. BrunAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , E. BrunaAffiliated withYale University
    • , G. E. BrunoAffiliated withDipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
    • , D. BudnikovAffiliated withRussian Federal Nuclear Center (VNIIEF)
    • , H. BueschingAffiliated withInstitut für Kernphysik, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
    • , K. BugaevAffiliated withBogolyubov Institute for Theoretical Physics
    • , P. BuncicAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , O. BuschAffiliated withPhysikalisches Institut, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
    • , Z. ButheleziAffiliated withPhysics Department, University of Cape Town, iThemba Laboratories
    • , D. CaffarriAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , X. CaiAffiliated withHua-Zhong Normal University
    • , H. CainesAffiliated withYale University
    • , E. CamachoAffiliated withCentro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados (CINVESTAV)
    • , P. CameriniAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , M. CampbellAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , V. Canoa RomanAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , G. P. CapitaniAffiliated withLaboratori Nazionali di Frascati, INFN
    • , G. Cara RomeoAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , F. CarenaAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , W. CarenaAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , F. CarminatiAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , A. Casanova DíazAffiliated withLaboratori Nazionali di Frascati, INFN
    • , M. CaselleAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , J. Castillo CastellanosAffiliated withCommissariat à l’Energie Atomique, IRFU
    • , J. F. Castillo HernandezAffiliated withExtreMe Matter Institute EMMI, GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
    • , V. CatanescuAffiliated withNational Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering
    • , E. CattaruzzaAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , C. CavicchioliAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , P. CerelloAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , V. ChambertAffiliated withInstitut de Physique Nucléaire d’Orsay (IPNO), Université Paris-Sud, CNRS-IN2P3
    • , B. ChangAffiliated withYonsei University
    • , S. ChapelandAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , A. CharpyAffiliated withInstitut de Physique Nucléaire d’Orsay (IPNO), Université Paris-Sud, CNRS-IN2P3
    • , J. L. CharvetAffiliated withCommissariat à l’Energie Atomique, IRFU
    • , S. ChattopadhyayAffiliated withSaha Institute of Nuclear Physics
    • , S. ChattopadhyayAffiliated withVariable Energy Cyclotron Centre
    • , M. CherneyAffiliated withPhysics Department, Creighton University
    • , C. CheshkovAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , B. CheynisAffiliated withUniversité de Lyon 1, CNRS/IN2P3, Institut de Physique Nucléaire de Lyon
    • , E. ChiavassaAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , V. Chibante BarrosoAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , D. D. ChinellatoAffiliated withUniversidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP)
    • , P. ChochulaAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , K. ChoiAffiliated withPusan National University
    • , M. ChojnackiAffiliated withInstitute for Subatomic Physics, Utrecht University
    • , P. ChristakoglouAffiliated withInstitute for Subatomic Physics, Utrecht University
    • , C. H. ChristensenAffiliated withNiels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen
    • , P. ChristiansenAffiliated withDivision of Experimental High Energy Physics, University of Lund
    • , T. ChujoAffiliated withUniversity of Tsukuba
    • , F. ChumanAffiliated withHiroshima University
    • , C. CicaloAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , L. CifarelliAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , F. CindoloAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , J. CleymansAffiliated withPhysics Department, University of Cape Town, iThemba Laboratories
    • , O. CobanogluAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , J.-P. CoffinAffiliated withInstitut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien (IPHC), Université de Strasbourg, CNRS-IN2P3
    • , S. ColiAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , A. CollaAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , G. Conesa BalbastreAffiliated withLaboratori Nazionali di Frascati, INFN
    • , Z. Conesa del ValleAffiliated withSUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de Nantes, Université de Nantes, CNRS-IN2P3
    • , E. S. ConnerAffiliated withZentrum für Technologietransfer und Telekommunikation (ZTT), Fachhochschule Worms
    • , P. ConstantinAffiliated withPhysikalisches Institut, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
    • , G. ContinAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , J. G. ContrerasAffiliated withCentro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados (CINVESTAV)
    • , Y. Corrales MoralesAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , T. M. CormierAffiliated withWayne State University
    • , P. CorteseAffiliated withDipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Avanzate dell’Università del Piemonte Orientale and Gruppo Collegato INFN
    • , I. Cortés MaldonadoAffiliated withBenemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla
    • , M. R. CosentinoAffiliated withUniversidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP)
    • , F. CostaAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , M. E. CotalloAffiliated withCentro de Investigaciones Energéticas Medioambientales y Tecnológicas (CIEMAT)
    • , E. CrescioAffiliated withCentro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados (CINVESTAV)
    • , P. CrochetAffiliated withLaboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire (LPC), Clermont Université, Université Blaise Pascal, CNRS–IN2P3
    • , E. CuautleAffiliated withInstituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
    • , L. CunqueiroAffiliated withLaboratori Nazionali di Frascati, INFN
    • , J. CussonneauAffiliated withSUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de Nantes, Université de Nantes, CNRS-IN2P3
    • , A. DaineseAffiliated withLaboratori Nazionali di Legnaro, INFN
    • , H. H. DalsgaardAffiliated withNiels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen
    • , A. DanuAffiliated withInstitute of Space Sciences (ISS)
    • , I. DasAffiliated withSaha Institute of Nuclear Physics
    • , S. DasAffiliated withSaha Institute of Nuclear Physics
    • , A. DashAffiliated withInstitute of Physics
    • , S. DashAffiliated withInstitute of Physics
    • , G. O. V. de BarrosAffiliated withUniversidade de São Paulo (USP)
    • , A. De CaroAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica ‘E.R. Caianiello’ dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , G. de CataldoAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , J. de CuvelandAffiliated withKirchhoff-Institut für Physik, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
    • , A. De FalcoAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , M. de GaspariAffiliated withPhysikalisches Institut, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
    • , J. de GrootAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , D. De GruttolaAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica ‘E.R. Caianiello’ dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , A. P. de HaasAffiliated withInstitute for Subatomic Physics, Utrecht University
    • , N. De MarcoAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , R. de RooijAffiliated withInstitute for Subatomic Physics, Utrecht University
    • , S. De PasqualeAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica ‘E.R. Caianiello’ dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , G. de VauxAffiliated withPhysics Department, University of Cape Town, iThemba Laboratories
    • , H. DelagrangeAffiliated withSUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de Nantes, Université de Nantes, CNRS-IN2P3
    • , G. DellacasaAffiliated withDipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Avanzate dell’Università del Piemonte Orientale and Gruppo Collegato INFN
    • , A. DeloffAffiliated withSoltan Institute for Nuclear Studies
    • , V. DemanovAffiliated withRussian Federal Nuclear Center (VNIIEF)
    • , E. DénesAffiliated withKFKI Research Institute for Particle and Nuclear Physics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences
    • , A. DeppmanAffiliated withUniversidade de São Paulo (USP)
    • , G. D’ErasmoAffiliated withDipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
    • , D. DerkachAffiliated withV. Fock Institute for Physics, St. Petersburg State University
    • , A. DevauxAffiliated withLaboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire (LPC), Clermont Université, Université Blaise Pascal, CNRS–IN2P3
    • , D. Di BariAffiliated withDipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
    • , C. Di GiglioAffiliated withDipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
    • , S. Di LibertoAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , A. Di MauroAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , P. Di NezzaAffiliated withLaboratori Nazionali di Frascati, INFN
    • , M. DialinasAffiliated withSUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de Nantes, Université de Nantes, CNRS-IN2P3
    • , L. DíazAffiliated withInstituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
    • , R. DíazAffiliated withHelsinki Institute of Physics (HIP) and University of Jyväskylä
    • , T. DietelAffiliated withInstitut für Kernphysik, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster
    • , H. DingAffiliated withHua-Zhong Normal University
    • , R. DiviàAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , Ø. DjuvslandAffiliated withDepartment of Physics and Technology, University of Bergen
    • , G. do Amaral ValdiviessoAffiliated withUniversidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP)
    • , V. DobretsovAffiliated withRussian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
    • , A. DobrinAffiliated withDivision of Experimental High Energy Physics, University of Lund
    • , T. DobrowolskiAffiliated withSoltan Institute for Nuclear Studies
    • , B. DönigusAffiliated withExtreMe Matter Institute EMMI, GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
    • , I. DomínguezAffiliated withInstituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
    • , D. M. M. DonAffiliated withUniversity of Houston
    • , O. DordicAffiliated withDepartment of Physics, University of Oslo
    • , A. K. DubeyAffiliated withVariable Energy Cyclotron Centre
    • , J. DubuissonAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , L. DucrouxAffiliated withUniversité de Lyon 1, CNRS/IN2P3, Institut de Physique Nucléaire de Lyon
    • , P. DupieuxAffiliated withLaboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire (LPC), Clermont Université, Université Blaise Pascal, CNRS–IN2P3
    • , A. K. Dutta MajumdarAffiliated withSaha Institute of Nuclear Physics
    • , M. R. Dutta MajumdarAffiliated withVariable Energy Cyclotron Centre
    • , D. EliaAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , D. EmschermannAffiliated withPhysikalisches Institut, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
    • , A. EnokizonoAffiliated withOak Ridge National Laboratory
    • , B. EspagnonAffiliated withInstitut de Physique Nucléaire d’Orsay (IPNO), Université Paris-Sud, CNRS-IN2P3
    • , M. EstienneAffiliated withSUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de Nantes, Université de Nantes, CNRS-IN2P3
    • , D. EvansAffiliated withSchool of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham
    • , S. EvrardAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , G. EyyubovaAffiliated withDepartment of Physics, University of Oslo
    • , C. W. FabjanAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , D. FabrisAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , J. FaivreAffiliated withLaboratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie (LPSC), Université Joseph Fourier, CNRS-IN2P3, Institut Polytechnique de Grenoble
    • , D. FalchieriAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , A. FantoniAffiliated withLaboratori Nazionali di Frascati, INFN
    • , M. FaselAffiliated withExtreMe Matter Institute EMMI, GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
    • , R. FearickAffiliated withPhysics Department, University of Cape Town, iThemba Laboratories
    • , A. FedunovAffiliated withJoint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR)
    • , D. FehlkerAffiliated withDepartment of Physics and Technology, University of Bergen
    • , V. FeketeAffiliated withFaculty of Mathematics, Physics and Informatics, Comenius University
    • , D. FeleaAffiliated withInstitute of Space Sciences (ISS)
    • , B. Fenton-OlsenAffiliated withNiels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen
    • , G. FeofilovAffiliated withV. Fock Institute for Physics, St. Petersburg State University
    • , A. Fernández TéllezAffiliated withBenemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla
    • , E. G. FerreiroAffiliated withDepartamento de Física de Partículas and IGFAE, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela
    • , A. FerrettiAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , R. FerrettiAffiliated withDipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Avanzate dell’Università del Piemonte Orientale and Gruppo Collegato INFN
    • , M. A. S. FigueredoAffiliated withUniversidade de São Paulo (USP)
    • , S. FilchaginAffiliated withRussian Federal Nuclear Center (VNIIEF)
    • , R. FiniAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , F. M. FiondaAffiliated withDipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
    • , E. M. FioreAffiliated withDipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
    • , M. FlorisAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , Z. FodorAffiliated withKFKI Research Institute for Particle and Nuclear Physics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences
    • , S. FoertschAffiliated withPhysics Department, University of Cape Town, iThemba Laboratories
    • , P. FokaAffiliated withExtreMe Matter Institute EMMI, GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
    • , S. FokinAffiliated withRussian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
    • , F. FormentiAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , E. FragiacomoAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , M. FragkiadakisAffiliated withPhysics Department, University of Athens
    • , U. FrankenfeldAffiliated withExtreMe Matter Institute EMMI, GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
    • , A. FrolovAffiliated withBudker Institute for Nuclear Physics
    • , U. FuchsAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , F. FuranoAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , C. FurgetAffiliated withLaboratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie (LPSC), Université Joseph Fourier, CNRS-IN2P3, Institut Polytechnique de Grenoble
    • , M. Fusco GirardAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica ‘E.R. Caianiello’ dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , J. J. GaardhøjeAffiliated withNiels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen
    • , S. GadratAffiliated withLaboratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie (LPSC), Université Joseph Fourier, CNRS-IN2P3, Institut Polytechnique de Grenoble
    • , M. GagliardiAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , A. GagoAffiliated withCentro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados (CINVESTAV)
    • , M. GallioAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , P. GanotiAffiliated withPhysics Department, University of Athens
    • , M. S. GantiAffiliated withVariable Energy Cyclotron Centre
    • , C. GarabatosAffiliated withExtreMe Matter Institute EMMI, GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
    • , C. GarcAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , J. GebeleinAffiliated withKirchhoff-Institut für Physik, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
    • , R. GemmeAffiliated withDipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Avanzate dell’Università del Piemonte Orientale and Gruppo Collegato INFN
    • , M. GermainAffiliated withSUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de Nantes, Université de Nantes, CNRS-IN2P3
    • , A. GheataAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , M. GheataAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , B. GhidiniAffiliated withDipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
    • , P. GhoshAffiliated withVariable Energy Cyclotron Centre
    • , G. GiraudoAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , P. GiubellinoAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , E. Gladysz-DziadusAffiliated withThe Henryk Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences
    • , R. GlasowAffiliated withInstitut für Kernphysik, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster
    • , P. GlässelAffiliated withPhysikalisches Institut, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
    • , A. GlennAffiliated withLawrence Livermore National Laboratory
    • , R. GomezAffiliated withUniversidad Autónoma de Sinaloa
    • , H. González SantosAffiliated withBenemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla
    • , L. H. González-TruebaAffiliated withInstituto de Física, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
    • , P. González-ZamoraAffiliated withCentro de Investigaciones Energéticas Medioambientales y Tecnológicas (CIEMAT)
    • , S. GorbunovAffiliated withKirchhoff-Institut für Physik, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
    • , Y. GorbunovAffiliated withPhysics Department, Creighton University
    • , S. GotovacAffiliated withTechnical University of Split FESB
    • , H. GottschlagAffiliated withInstitut für Kernphysik, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster
    • , V. GrabskiAffiliated withInstituto de Física, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
    • , R. GrajcarekAffiliated withPhysikalisches Institut, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
    • , A. GrelliAffiliated withInstitute for Subatomic Physics, Utrecht University
    • , A. GrigorasAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , C. GrigorasAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , V. GrigorievAffiliated withMoscow Engineering Physics Institute
    • , A. GrigoryanAffiliated withYerevan Physics Institute
    • , B. GrinyovAffiliated withBogolyubov Institute for Theoretical Physics
    • , N. GrionAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , P. GrosAffiliated withDivision of Experimental High Energy Physics, University of Lund
    • , J. F. Grosse-OetringhausAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , J.-Y. GrossiordAffiliated withUniversité de Lyon 1, CNRS/IN2P3, Institut de Physique Nucléaire de Lyon
    • , R. GrossoAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , C. GuarnacciaAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica ‘E.R. Caianiello’ dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , F. GuberAffiliated withInstitute for Nuclear Research, Academy of Sciences
    • , R. GuernaneAffiliated withLaboratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie (LPSC), Université Joseph Fourier, CNRS-IN2P3, Institut Polytechnique de Grenoble
    • , B. GuerzoniAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , K. GulbrandsenAffiliated withNiels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen
    • , H. GulkanyanAffiliated withYerevan Physics Institute
    • , T. GunjiAffiliated withUniversity of Tokyo
    • , A. GuptaAffiliated withPhysics Department, University of Jammu
    • , R. GuptaAffiliated withPhysics Department, University of Jammu
    • , H.-A. GustafssonAffiliated withDivision of Experimental High Energy Physics, University of Lund
    • , H. GutbrodAffiliated withExtreMe Matter Institute EMMI, GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
    • , Ø. HaalandAffiliated withDepartment of Physics and Technology, University of Bergen
    • , C. HadjidakisAffiliated withInstitut de Physique Nucléaire d’Orsay (IPNO), Université Paris-Sud, CNRS-IN2P3
    • , M. HaiducAffiliated withInstitute of Space Sciences (ISS)
    • , H. HamagakiAffiliated withUniversity of Tokyo
    • , G. HamarAffiliated withKFKI Research Institute for Particle and Nuclear Physics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences
    • , J. HamblenAffiliated withUniversity of Tennessee
    • , B. H. HanAffiliated withDepartment of Physics, Sejong University
    • , J. W. HarrisAffiliated withYale University
    • , M. HartigAffiliated withInstitut für Kernphysik, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
    • , A. HarutyunyanAffiliated withYerevan Physics Institute
    • , D. HaschAffiliated withLaboratori Nazionali di Frascati, INFN
    • , D. HaseganAffiliated withInstitute of Space Sciences (ISS)
    • , D. HatzifotiadouAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , A. HayrapetyanAffiliated withYerevan Physics Institute
    • , M. HeideAffiliated withInstitut für Kernphysik, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster
    • , M. HeinzAffiliated withYale University
    • , H. HelstrupAffiliated withFaculty of Engineering, Bergen University College
    • , A. HerghelegiuAffiliated withNational Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering
    • , C. HernándezAffiliated withExtreMe Matter Institute EMMI, GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
    • , G. Herrera CorralAffiliated withCentro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados (CINVESTAV)
    • , N. HerrmannAffiliated withPhysikalisches Institut, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
    • , K. F. HetlandAffiliated withFaculty of Engineering, Bergen University College
    • , B. HicksAffiliated withYale University
    • , A. HieiAffiliated withHiroshima University
    • , P. T. HilleAffiliated withDepartment of Physics, University of Oslo
    • , B. HippolyteAffiliated withInstitut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien (IPHC), Université de Strasbourg, CNRS-IN2P3
    • , T. HoraguchiAffiliated withHiroshima University
    • , Y. HoriAffiliated withUniversity of Tokyo
    • , P. HristovAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , I. HřivnáčováAffiliated withInstitut de Physique Nucléaire d’Orsay (IPNO), Université Paris-Sud, CNRS-IN2P3
    • , S. HuAffiliated withChina Institute of Atomic Energy
    • , S. HuberAffiliated withExtreMe Matter Institute EMMI, GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
    • , T. J. HumanicAffiliated withDepartment of Physics, Ohio State University
    • , D. HutterAffiliated withFrankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
    • , D. S. HwangAffiliated withDepartment of Physics, Sejong University
    • , R. IchouAffiliated withSUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de Nantes, Université de Nantes, CNRS-IN2P3
    • , R. IlkaevAffiliated withRussian Federal Nuclear Center (VNIIEF)
    • , I. IlkivAffiliated withSoltan Institute for Nuclear Studies
    • , P. G. InnocentiAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , M. IppolitovAffiliated withRussian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
    • , M. IrfanAffiliated withDepartment of Physics, Aligarh Muslim University
    • , C. IvanAffiliated withInstitute for Subatomic Physics, Utrecht University
    • , A. IvanovAffiliated withV. Fock Institute for Physics, St. Petersburg State University
    • , M. IvanovAffiliated withExtreMe Matter Institute EMMI, GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
    • , V. IvanovAffiliated withPetersburg Nuclear Physics Institute
    • , T. IwasakiAffiliated withHiroshima University
    • , A. JachołkowskiAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , P. M. JacobsAffiliated withLawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
    • , L. JančurováAffiliated withJoint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR)
    • , S. JangalAffiliated withInstitut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien (IPHC), Université de Strasbourg, CNRS-IN2P3
    • , R. JanikAffiliated withFaculty of Mathematics, Physics and Informatics, Comenius University
    • , K. JayanandaAffiliated withPhysics Department, Creighton University
    • , C. JenaAffiliated withInstitute of Physics
    • , S. JenaAffiliated withIndian Institute of Technology
    • , L. JirdenAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , G. T. JonesAffiliated withSchool of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham
    • , P. G. JonesAffiliated withSchool of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham
    • , P. JovanoviAffiliated withSchool of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham
    • , H. JungAffiliated withKangnung National University
    • , W. JungAffiliated withKangnung National University
    • , A. JuskoAffiliated withSchool of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham
    • , A. B. KaidalovAffiliated withInstitute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics
    • , S. KalcherAffiliated withKirchhoff-Institut für Physik, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
    • , P. KaliAffiliated withInstitute of Experimental Physics, Slovak Academy of Sciences
    • , T. KalliokoskiAffiliated withHelsinki Institute of Physics (HIP) and University of Jyväskylä
    • , A. KalweitAffiliated withInstitut für Kernphysik, Technische Universität Darmstadt
    • , A. KamalAffiliated withDepartment of Physics, Aligarh Muslim University
    • , R. KamermansAffiliated withInstitute for Subatomic Physics, Utrecht University
    • , K. KanakiAffiliated withDepartment of Physics and Technology, University of Bergen
    • , E. KangAffiliated withKangnung National University
    • , J. H. KangAffiliated withYonsei University
    • , J. KapitanAffiliated withNuclear Physics Institute, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
    • , V. KaplinAffiliated withMoscow Engineering Physics Institute
    • , S. KapustaAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , T. KaravichevaAffiliated withInstitute for Nuclear Research, Academy of Sciences
    • , E. KarpechevAffiliated withInstitute for Nuclear Research, Academy of Sciences
    • , A. KazantsevAffiliated withRussian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
    • , U. KebschullAffiliated withKirchhoff-Institut für Physik, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
    • , R. KeidelAffiliated withZentrum für Technologietransfer und Telekommunikation (ZTT), Fachhochschule Worms
    • , M. M. KhanAffiliated withDepartment of Physics, Aligarh Muslim University
    • , S. A. KhanAffiliated withVariable Energy Cyclotron Centre
    • , A. KhanzadeevAffiliated withPetersburg Nuclear Physics Institute
    • , Y. KharlovAffiliated withInstitute for High Energy Physics
    • , D. KikolaAffiliated withWarsaw University of Technology
    • , B. KilengAffiliated withFaculty of Engineering, Bergen University College
    • , D. J KimAffiliated withHelsinki Institute of Physics (HIP) and University of Jyväskylä
    • , D. S. KimAffiliated withKangnung National University
    • , D. W. KimAffiliated withKangnung National University
    • , H. N. KimAffiliated withKangnung National University
    • , J. KimAffiliated withInstitute for High Energy Physics
    • , J. H. KimAffiliated withDepartment of Physics, Sejong University
    • , J. S. KimAffiliated withKangnung National University
    • , M. KimAffiliated withKangnung National University
    • , M. KimAffiliated withYonsei University
    • , S. H. KimAffiliated withKangnung National University
    • , S. KimAffiliated withDepartment of Physics, Sejong University
    • , Y. KimAffiliated withYonsei University
    • , S. KirschAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , I. KiselAffiliated withKirchhoff-Institut für Physik, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
    • , S. KiselevAffiliated withInstitute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics
    • , A. KisielAffiliated withDepartment of Physics, Ohio State University
    • , J. L. KlayAffiliated withCalifornia Polytechnic State University
    • , J. KleinAffiliated withPhysikalisches Institut, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
    • , C. KleinAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , M. KliemantAffiliated withInstitut für Kernphysik, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
    • , A. KlovningAffiliated withDepartment of Physics and Technology, University of Bergen
    • , A. KlugeAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , S. KniegeAffiliated withInstitut für Kernphysik, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
    • , K. KochAffiliated withPhysikalisches Institut, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
    • , R. KolevatovAffiliated withDepartment of Physics, University of Oslo
    • , A. KolojvariAffiliated withV. Fock Institute for Physics, St. Petersburg State University
    • , V. KondratievAffiliated withV. Fock Institute for Physics, St. Petersburg State University
    • , N. KondratyevaAffiliated withMoscow Engineering Physics Institute
    • , A. KonevskihAffiliated withInstitute for Nuclear Research, Academy of Sciences
    • , E. KornaśAffiliated withThe Henryk Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences
    • , R. KourAffiliated withSchool of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham
    • , M. KowalskiAffiliated withThe Henryk Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences
    • , S. KoxAffiliated withLaboratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie (LPSC), Université Joseph Fourier, CNRS-IN2P3, Institut Polytechnique de Grenoble
    • , K. KozlovAffiliated withRussian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
    • , J. KralAffiliated withFaculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague
    • , I. KrálikAffiliated withInstitute of Experimental Physics, Slovak Academy of Sciences
    • , F. KramerAffiliated withInstitut für Kernphysik, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
    • , I. KrausAffiliated withInstitut für Kernphysik, Technische Universität Darmstadt
    • , A. KravčákováAffiliated withFaculty of Science, P.J. Šafárik University
    • , T. KrawutschkeAffiliated withFachhochschule Köln
    • , M. KrivdaAffiliated withSchool of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham
    • , D. KrumbhornAffiliated withPhysikalisches Institut, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
    • , M. KrusAffiliated withFaculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague
    • , E. KryshenAffiliated withPetersburg Nuclear Physics Institute
    • , M. KrzewickiAffiliated withNational Institute for Nuclear and High Energy Physics (NIKHEF)
    • , Y. KucheriaevAffiliated withRussian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
    • , C. KuhnAffiliated withInstitut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien (IPHC), Université de Strasbourg, CNRS-IN2P3
    • , P. G. KuijerAffiliated withNational Institute for Nuclear and High Energy Physics (NIKHEF)
    • , L. KumarAffiliated withPhysics Department, Panjab University
    • , N. KumarAffiliated withPhysics Department, Panjab University
    • , R. KupczakAffiliated withWarsaw University of Technology
    • , P. KurashviliAffiliated withSoltan Institute for Nuclear Studies
    • , A. KurepinAffiliated withInstitute for Nuclear Research, Academy of Sciences
    • , A. N. KurepinAffiliated withInstitute for Nuclear Research, Academy of Sciences
    • , A. KuryakinAffiliated withRussian Federal Nuclear Center (VNIIEF)
    • , S. KushpilAffiliated withNuclear Physics Institute, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
    • , V. KushpilAffiliated withNuclear Physics Institute, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
    • , M. KutouskiAffiliated withJoint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR)
    • , H. KvaernoAffiliated withDepartment of Physics, University of Oslo
    • , M. J. KweonAffiliated withPhysikalisches Institut, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
    • , Y. KwonAffiliated withYonsei University
    • , P. La RoccaAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , F. LacknerAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , P. Ladrón de GuevaraAffiliated withCentro de Investigaciones Energéticas Medioambientales y Tecnológicas (CIEMAT)
    • , V. LafageAffiliated withInstitut de Physique Nucléaire d’Orsay (IPNO), Université Paris-Sud, CNRS-IN2P3
    • , C. LalAffiliated withPhysics Department, University of Jammu
    • , C. LaraAffiliated withKirchhoff-Institut für Physik, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
    • , D. T. LarsenAffiliated withDepartment of Physics and Technology, University of Bergen
    • , G. LaurentiAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , C. LazzeroniAffiliated withSchool of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham
    • , Y. Le BornecAffiliated withInstitut de Physique Nucléaire d’Orsay (IPNO), Université Paris-Sud, CNRS-IN2P3
    • , N. Le BrisAffiliated withSUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de Nantes, Université de Nantes, CNRS-IN2P3
    • , H. LeeAffiliated withPusan National University
    • , K. S. LeeAffiliated withKangnung National University
    • , S. C. LeeAffiliated withKangnung National University
    • , F. LefèvreAffiliated withSUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de Nantes, Université de Nantes, CNRS-IN2P3
    • , M. LenhardtAffiliated withSUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de Nantes, Université de Nantes, CNRS-IN2P3
    • , L. LeistamAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , J. LehnertAffiliated withInstitut für Kernphysik, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
    • , V. LentiAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , H. LeónAffiliated withInstituto de Física, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
    • , I. León MonzónAffiliated withUniversidad Autónoma de Sinaloa
    • , H. León VargasAffiliated withInstitut für Kernphysik, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
    • , P. LévaiAffiliated withKFKI Research Institute for Particle and Nuclear Physics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences
    • , Y. LiAffiliated withChina Institute of Atomic Energy
    • , R. LietavaAffiliated withSchool of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham
    • , S. LindalAffiliated withDepartment of Physics, University of Oslo
    • , V. LindenstruthAffiliated withKirchhoff-Institut für Physik, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
    • , C. LippmannAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , M. A. LisaAffiliated withDepartment of Physics, Ohio State University
    • , O. ListratenkoAffiliated withScientific Research Technological Institute of Instrument Engineering
    • , L. LiuAffiliated withDepartment of Physics and Technology, University of Bergen
    • , V. LoginovAffiliated withMoscow Engineering Physics Institute
    • , S. LohnAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , X. LopezAffiliated withLaboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire (LPC), Clermont Université, Université Blaise Pascal, CNRS–IN2P3
    • , M. López NoriegaAffiliated withInstitut de Physique Nucléaire d’Orsay (IPNO), Université Paris-Sud, CNRS-IN2P3
    • , R. López-RamírezAffiliated withBenemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla
    • , E. López TorresAffiliated withCentro de Aplicaciones Tecnológicas y Desarrollo Nuclear (CEADEN)
    • , G. LøvhøidenAffiliated withDepartment of Physics, University of Oslo
    • , A. Lozea Feijo SoaresAffiliated withUniversidade de São Paulo (USP)
    • , S. LuAffiliated withChina Institute of Atomic Energy
    • , M. LunardonAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , G. LuparelloAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , L. LuquinAffiliated withSUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de Nantes, Université de Nantes, CNRS-IN2P3
    • , J.-R. LutzAffiliated withInstitut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien (IPHC), Université de Strasbourg, CNRS-IN2P3
    • , M. LuvisettoAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , K. MaAffiliated withHua-Zhong Normal University
    • , R. MaAffiliated withYale University
    • , D. M. Madagodahettige-DonAffiliated withUniversity of Houston
    • , A. MaevskayaAffiliated withInstitute for Nuclear Research, Academy of Sciences
    • , M. MagerAffiliated withInstitut für Kernphysik, Technische Universität Darmstadt
    • , A. MahajanAffiliated withPhysics Department, University of Jammu
    • , D. P. MahapatraAffiliated withInstitute of Physics
    • , A. MaireAffiliated withInstitut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien (IPHC), Université de Strasbourg, CNRS-IN2P3
    • , I. MakhlyuevaAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , D. Mal’KevichAffiliated withInstitute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics
    • , M. MalaevAffiliated withPetersburg Nuclear Physics Institute
    • , I. Maldonado CervantesAffiliated withInstituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
    • , M. MalekAffiliated withInstitut de Physique Nucléaire d’Orsay (IPNO), Université Paris-Sud, CNRS-IN2P3
    • , T. MalkiewiczAffiliated withHelsinki Institute of Physics (HIP) and University of Jyväskylä
    • , P. MalzacherAffiliated withExtreMe Matter Institute EMMI, GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
    • , A. MamonovAffiliated withRussian Federal Nuclear Center (VNIIEF)
    • , L. ManceauAffiliated withLaboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire (LPC), Clermont Université, Université Blaise Pascal, CNRS–IN2P3
    • , L. MangotraAffiliated withPhysics Department, University of Jammu
    • , V. MankoAffiliated withRussian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
    • , F. MansoAffiliated withLaboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire (LPC), Clermont Université, Université Blaise Pascal, CNRS–IN2P3
    • , V. ManzariAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , Y. MaoAffiliated withHua-Zhong Normal University
    • , J. MarešAffiliated withInstitute of Physics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
    • , G. V. MargagliottiAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , A. MargottiAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , A. MarínAffiliated withExtreMe Matter Institute EMMI, GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
    • , I. MartashviliAffiliated withUniversity of Tennessee
    • , P. MartinengoAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , M. I. MartínezAffiliated withBenemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla
    • , A. Martínez DavalosAffiliated withInstituto de Física, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
    • , G. Martínez GarcíaAffiliated withSUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de Nantes, Université de Nantes, CNRS-IN2P3
    • , Y. MaruyamaAffiliated withHiroshima University
    • , A. Marzari ChiesaAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , S. MasciocchiAffiliated withExtreMe Matter Institute EMMI, GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
    • , M. MaseraAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , M. MasettiAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , A. MasoniAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , L. MassacrierAffiliated withUniversité de Lyon 1, CNRS/IN2P3, Institut de Physique Nucléaire de Lyon
    • , M. MastromarcoAffiliated withDipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
    • , A. MastroserioAffiliated withDipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
    • , Z. L. MatthewsAffiliated withSchool of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham
    • , B. Mattos TavaresAffiliated withUniversidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP)
    • , A. MatyjaAffiliated withThe Henryk Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences
    • , D. MayaniAffiliated withInstituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
    • , G. MazzaAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , M. A. MazzoniAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , F. MeddiAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica dell’Università ‘La Sapienza’ and Sezione INFN
    • , A. Menchaca-RochaAffiliated withInstituto de Física, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
    • , P. Mendez LorenzoAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , M. MeoniAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , J. Mercado PérezAffiliated withPhysikalisches Institut, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
    • , P. MereuAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , Y. MiakeAffiliated withUniversity of Tsukuba
    • , A. MichalonAffiliated withInstitut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien (IPHC), Université de Strasbourg, CNRS-IN2P3
    • , N. MiftakhovAffiliated withPetersburg Nuclear Physics Institute
    • , J. MilosevicAffiliated withDepartment of Physics, University of Oslo
    • , F. MinafraAffiliated withDipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
    • , A. MischkeAffiliated withInstitute for Subatomic Physics, Utrecht University
    • , D. MiśkowiecAffiliated withExtreMe Matter Institute EMMI, GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
    • , C. MituAffiliated withInstitute of Space Sciences (ISS)
    • , K. MizoguchiAffiliated withHiroshima University
    • , J. MlynarzAffiliated withWayne State University
    • , B. MohantyAffiliated withVariable Energy Cyclotron Centre
    • , L. MolnarAffiliated withKFKI Research Institute for Particle and Nuclear Physics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences
    • , M. M. MondalAffiliated withVariable Energy Cyclotron Centre
    • , L. Montaño ZetinaAffiliated withCentro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados (CINVESTAV)
    • , M. MontenoAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , E. MontesAffiliated withCentro de Investigaciones Energéticas Medioambientales y Tecnológicas (CIEMAT)
    • , M. MorandoAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , S. MorettoAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , A. MorschAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , T. MoukhanovaAffiliated withRussian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
    • , V. MucciforaAffiliated withLaboratori Nazionali di Frascati, INFN
    • , E. MudnicAffiliated withTechnical University of Split FESB
    • , S. MuhuriAffiliated withVariable Energy Cyclotron Centre
    • , H. MüllerAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , M. G. MunhozAffiliated withUniversidade de São Paulo (USP)
    • , J. MunozAffiliated withBenemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla
    • , L. MusaAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , A. MussoAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , B. K. NandiAffiliated withIndian Institute of Technology
    • , R. NaniaAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , E. NappiAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , F. NavachAffiliated withDipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
    • , S. NavinAffiliated withSchool of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham
    • , T. K. NayakAffiliated withVariable Energy Cyclotron Centre
    • , S. NazarenkoAffiliated withRussian Federal Nuclear Center (VNIIEF)
    • , G. NazarovAffiliated withRussian Federal Nuclear Center (VNIIEF)
    • , A. NedosekinAffiliated withInstitute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics
    • , F. NendazAffiliated withUniversité de Lyon 1, CNRS/IN2P3, Institut de Physique Nucléaire de Lyon
    • , J. NewbyAffiliated withLawrence Livermore National Laboratory
    • , A. NianineAffiliated withRussian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
    • , M. NicassioAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , B. S. NielsenAffiliated withNiels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen
    • , S. NikolaevAffiliated withRussian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
    • , V. NikolicAffiliated withRudjer Bošković Institute
    • , S. NikulinAffiliated withRussian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
    • , V. NikulinAffiliated withPetersburg Nuclear Physics Institute
    • , B. S. NilsenAffiliated withDepartment of Physics, Ohio State University
    • , M. S. NilssonAffiliated withDepartment of Physics, University of Oslo
    • , F. NoferiniAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , P. NomokonovAffiliated withJoint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR)
    • , G. NoorenAffiliated withInstitute for Subatomic Physics, Utrecht University
    • , N. NovitzkyAffiliated withHelsinki Institute of Physics (HIP) and University of Jyväskylä
    • , A. NyathaAffiliated withIndian Institute of Technology
    • , C. NygaardAffiliated withNiels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen
    • , A. NyiriAffiliated withDepartment of Physics, University of Oslo
    • , J. NystrandAffiliated withDepartment of Physics and Technology, University of Bergen
    • , A. OchirovAffiliated withV. Fock Institute for Physics, St. Petersburg State University
    • , G. OdyniecAffiliated withLawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
    • , H. OeschlerAffiliated withInstitut für Kernphysik, Technische Universität Darmstadt
    • , M. OinonenAffiliated withHelsinki Institute of Physics (HIP) and University of Jyväskylä
    • , K. OkadaAffiliated withUniversity of Tokyo
    • , Y. OkadaAffiliated withHiroshima University
    • , M. OldenburgAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , J. OleniaczAffiliated withWarsaw University of Technology
    • , C. OppedisanoAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , F. OrsiniAffiliated withCommissariat à l’Energie Atomique, IRFU
    • , A. Ortíz VelázquezAffiliated withInstituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
    • , G. OrtonaAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , C. OskampAffiliated withInstitute for Subatomic Physics, Utrecht University
    • , A. OskarssonAffiliated withDivision of Experimental High Energy Physics, University of Lund
    • , F. OsmicAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , L. ÖstermanAffiliated withDivision of Experimental High Energy Physics, University of Lund
    • , P. OstrowskiAffiliated withWarsaw University of Technology
    • , I. OtterlundAffiliated withDivision of Experimental High Energy Physics, University of Lund
    • , J. OtwinowskiAffiliated withExtreMe Matter Institute EMMI, GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
    • , G. ØvrebekkAffiliated withDepartment of Physics and Technology, University of Bergen
    • , K. OyamaAffiliated withPhysikalisches Institut, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
    • , K. OzawaAffiliated withUniversity of Tokyo
    • , Y. PachmayerAffiliated withPhysikalisches Institut, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
    • , M. PachrAffiliated withFaculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague
    • , F. PadillaAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , P. PaganoAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica ‘E.R. Caianiello’ dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , G. PaićAffiliated withInstituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
    • , F. PainkeAffiliated withKirchhoff-Institut für Physik, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
    • , C. PajaresAffiliated withDepartamento de Física de Partículas and IGFAE, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela
    • , S. PalAffiliated withSaha Institute of Nuclear Physics
    • , S. K. PalAffiliated withVariable Energy Cyclotron Centre
    • , A. PalahaAffiliated withSchool of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham
    • , A. PalmeriAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , R. PanseAffiliated withKirchhoff-Institut für Physik, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
    • , G. S. PappalardoAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , W. J. ParkAffiliated withExtreMe Matter Institute EMMI, GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
    • , B. PastirčákAffiliated withInstitute of Experimental Physics, Slovak Academy of Sciences
    • , C. PastoreAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , V. PaticchioAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , A. PavlinovAffiliated withWayne State University
    • , T. PawlakAffiliated withWarsaw University of Technology
    • , T. PeitzmannAffiliated withInstitute for Subatomic Physics, Utrecht University
    • , A. PepatoAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , H. PereiraAffiliated withCommissariat à l’Energie Atomique, IRFU
    • , D. PeressounkoAffiliated withRussian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
    • , C. PérezAffiliated withCentro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados (CINVESTAV)
    • , D. PeriniAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , D. PerrinoAffiliated withDipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
    • , W. PerytAffiliated withWarsaw University of Technology
    • , J. PeschekAffiliated withKirchhoff-Institut für Physik, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
    • , A. PesciAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , V. PeskovAffiliated withInstituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
    • , Y. PestovAffiliated withBudker Institute for Nuclear Physics
    • , A. J. PetersAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , V. PetráčekAffiliated withFaculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague
    • , A. PetridisAffiliated withPhysics Department, University of Athens
    • , M. PetrisAffiliated withNational Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering
    • , P. PetrovAffiliated withSchool of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham
    • , M. PetroviciAffiliated withNational Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering
    • , C. PettaAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , J. PeyréAffiliated withInstitut de Physique Nucléaire d’Orsay (IPNO), Université Paris-Sud, CNRS-IN2P3
    • , S. PianoAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , A. PiccottiAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , M. PiknaAffiliated withFaculty of Mathematics, Physics and Informatics, Comenius University
    • , P. PillotAffiliated withSUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de Nantes, Université de Nantes, CNRS-IN2P3
    • , L. PinskyAffiliated withUniversity of Houston
    • , N. PitzAffiliated withInstitut für Kernphysik, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
    • , F. PiuzAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , R. PlattAffiliated withSchool of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham
    • , M. PłoskońAffiliated withLawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
    • , J. PlutaAffiliated withWarsaw University of Technology
    • , T. PocheptsovAffiliated withJoint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR)
    • , S. PochybovaAffiliated withKFKI Research Institute for Particle and Nuclear Physics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences
    • , P. L. M. Podesta LermaAffiliated withUniversidad Autónoma de Sinaloa
    • , F. PoggioAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , M. G. PoghosyanAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , K. PolákAffiliated withInstitute of Physics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
    • , B. PolichtchoukAffiliated withInstitute for High Energy Physics
    • , P. PolozovAffiliated withInstitute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics
    • , V. PolyakovAffiliated withPetersburg Nuclear Physics Institute
    • , B. PommereschAffiliated withDepartment of Physics and Technology, University of Bergen
    • , A. PopAffiliated withNational Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering
    • , F. PosaAffiliated withDipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
    • , V. PospíšilAffiliated withFaculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague
    • , B. PotukuchiAffiliated withPhysics Department, University of Jammu
    • , J. PouthasAffiliated withInstitut de Physique Nucléaire d’Orsay (IPNO), Université Paris-Sud, CNRS-IN2P3
    • , S. K. PrasadAffiliated withVariable Energy Cyclotron Centre
    • , R. PreghenellaAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , F. PrinoAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , C. A. PruneauAffiliated withWayne State University
    • , I. PshenichnovAffiliated withInstitute for Nuclear Research, Academy of Sciences
    • , G. PudduAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , P. PujahariAffiliated withIndian Institute of Technology
    • , A. PulvirentiAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , A. PuninAffiliated withRussian Federal Nuclear Center (VNIIEF)
    • , V. PuninAffiliated withRussian Federal Nuclear Center (VNIIEF)
    • , M. PutišAffiliated withFaculty of Science, P.J. Šafárik University
    • , J. PutschkeAffiliated withYale University
    • , E. QuercighAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , A. RachevskiAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , A. RademakersAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , S. RadomskiAffiliated withPhysikalisches Institut, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
    • , T. S. RäihäAffiliated withHelsinki Institute of Physics (HIP) and University of Jyväskylä
    • , J. RakAffiliated withHelsinki Institute of Physics (HIP) and University of Jyväskylä
    • , A. RakotozafindrabeAffiliated withCommissariat à l’Energie Atomique, IRFU
    • , L. RamelloAffiliated withDipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Avanzate dell’Università del Piemonte Orientale and Gruppo Collegato INFN
    • , A. Ramírez ReyesAffiliated withCentro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados (CINVESTAV)
    • , M. RammlerAffiliated withInstitut für Kernphysik, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster
    • , R. RaniwalaAffiliated withPhysics Department, University of Rajasthan
    • , S. RaniwalaAffiliated withPhysics Department, University of Rajasthan
    • , S. RäsänenAffiliated withHelsinki Institute of Physics (HIP) and University of Jyväskylä
    • , I. RashevskayaAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , S. RathAffiliated withInstitute of Physics
    • , K. F. ReadAffiliated withUniversity of Tennessee
    • , J. RealAffiliated withLaboratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie (LPSC), Université Joseph Fourier, CNRS-IN2P3, Institut Polytechnique de Grenoble
    • , K. RedlichAffiliated withSoltan Institute for Nuclear Studies
    • , R. RenfordtAffiliated withInstitut für Kernphysik, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
    • , A. R. ReolonAffiliated withLaboratori Nazionali di Frascati, INFN
    • , A. ReshetinAffiliated withInstitute for Nuclear Research, Academy of Sciences
    • , F. RettigAffiliated withKirchhoff-Institut für Physik, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
    • , J.-P. RevolAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , K. ReygersAffiliated withInstitut für Kernphysik, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster
    • , H. RicaudAffiliated withInstitut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien (IPHC), Université de Strasbourg, CNRS-IN2P3
    • , L. RiccatiAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , R. A. RicciAffiliated withLaboratori Nazionali di Legnaro, INFN
    • , M. RichterAffiliated withDepartment of Physics and Technology, University of Bergen
    • , P. RiedlerAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , W. RieglerAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , F. RiggiAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , A. RivettiAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , M. Rodriguez CahuantziAffiliated withBenemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla
    • , K. RøedAffiliated withFaculty of Engineering, Bergen University College
    • , D. RöhrichAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , S. Román LópezAffiliated withBenemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla
    • , R. RomitaAffiliated withDipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
    • , F. RonchettiAffiliated withLaboratori Nazionali di Frascati, INFN
    • , P. RosinskýAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , P. RosnetAffiliated withLaboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire (LPC), Clermont Université, Université Blaise Pascal, CNRS–IN2P3
    • , S. RosseggerAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , A. RossiAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , F. RoukoutakisAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , S. RousseauAffiliated withInstitut de Physique Nucléaire d’Orsay (IPNO), Université Paris-Sud, CNRS-IN2P3
    • , C. RoyAffiliated withSUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de Nantes, Université de Nantes, CNRS-IN2P3
    • , P. RoyAffiliated withSaha Institute of Nuclear Physics
    • , A. J. Rubio-MonteroAffiliated withCentro de Investigaciones Energéticas Medioambientales y Tecnológicas (CIEMAT)
    • , R. RuiAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , I. RusanovAffiliated withPhysikalisches Institut, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
    • , G. RussoAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica ‘E.R. Caianiello’ dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , E. RyabinkinAffiliated withRussian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
    • , A. RybickiAffiliated withThe Henryk Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences
    • , S. SadovskyAffiliated withInstitute for High Energy Physics
    • , K. ŠafaříkAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , R. SahooAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , J. SainiAffiliated withVariable Energy Cyclotron Centre
    • , P. SaizAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , D. SakataAffiliated withUniversity of Tsukuba
    • , C. A. SalgadoAffiliated withDepartamento de Física de Partículas and IGFAE, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela
    • , R. Salgueiro Dominques da SilvaAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , S. SalurAffiliated withLawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
    • , T. SamantaAffiliated withVariable Energy Cyclotron Centre
    • , S. SambyalAffiliated withPhysics Department, University of Jammu
    • , V. SamsonovAffiliated withPetersburg Nuclear Physics Institute
    • , L. ŠándorAffiliated withInstitute of Experimental Physics, Slovak Academy of Sciences
    • , A. SandovalAffiliated withInstituto de Física, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
    • , M. SanoAffiliated withUniversity of Tsukuba
    • , S. SanoAffiliated withUniversity of Tokyo
    • , R. SantoAffiliated withInstitut für Kernphysik, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster
    • , R. SantoroAffiliated withDipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
    • , J. SarkamoAffiliated withHelsinki Institute of Physics (HIP) and University of Jyväskylä
    • , P. SaturniniAffiliated withLaboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire (LPC), Clermont Université, Université Blaise Pascal, CNRS–IN2P3
    • , E. ScapparoneAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , F. ScarlassaraAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , R. P. ScharenbergAffiliated withPurdue University
    • , C. SchiauaAffiliated withNational Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering
    • , R. SchickerAffiliated withPhysikalisches Institut, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
    • , H. SchindlerAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , C. SchmidtAffiliated withExtreMe Matter Institute EMMI, GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
    • , H. R. SchmidtAffiliated withExtreMe Matter Institute EMMI, GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
    • , S. SchreinerAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , S. SchuchmannAffiliated withInstitut für Kernphysik, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
    • , J. SchukraftAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) Email author 
    • , Y. SchutzAffiliated withSUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de Nantes, Université de Nantes, CNRS-IN2P3
    • , K. SchwarzAffiliated withExtreMe Matter Institute EMMI, GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
    • , K. SchwedaAffiliated withPhysikalisches Institut, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
    • , G. ScioliAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , E. ScomparinAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , G. SegatoAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , D. SemenovAffiliated withV. Fock Institute for Physics, St. Petersburg State University
    • , S. SenyukovAffiliated withDipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Avanzate dell’Università del Piemonte Orientale and Gruppo Collegato INFN
    • , J. SeoAffiliated withKangnung National University
    • , S. SerciAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , L. SerkinAffiliated withInstituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
    • , E. SerradillaAffiliated withCentro de Investigaciones Energéticas Medioambientales y Tecnológicas (CIEMAT)
    • , A. SevcencoAffiliated withInstitute of Space Sciences (ISS)
    • , I. SguraAffiliated withDipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
    • , G. ShabratovaAffiliated withJoint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR)
    • , R. ShahoyanAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , G. SharkovAffiliated withInstitute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics
    • , N. SharmaAffiliated withPhysics Department, Panjab University
    • , S. SharmaAffiliated withPhysics Department, University of Jammu
    • , K. ShigakiAffiliated withHiroshima University
    • , M. ShimomuraAffiliated withUniversity of Tsukuba
    • , K. ShtejerAffiliated withCentro de Aplicaciones Tecnológicas y Desarrollo Nuclear (CEADEN)
    • , Y. SibiriakAffiliated withRussian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
    • , M. SicilianoAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , E. SickingAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , E. SiddiAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , T. SiemiarczukAffiliated withSoltan Institute for Nuclear Studies
    • , A. SilenziAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , D. SilvermyrAffiliated withOak Ridge National Laboratory
    • , E. SimiliAffiliated withInstitute for Subatomic Physics, Utrecht University
    • , G. SimonettiAffiliated withDipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
    • , R. SingarajuAffiliated withVariable Energy Cyclotron Centre
    • , R. SinghAffiliated withPhysics Department, University of Jammu
    • , V. SinghalAffiliated withVariable Energy Cyclotron Centre
    • , B. C. SinhaAffiliated withVariable Energy Cyclotron Centre
    • , T. SinhaAffiliated withSaha Institute of Nuclear Physics
    • , B. SitarAffiliated withFaculty of Mathematics, Physics and Informatics, Comenius University
    • , M. SittaAffiliated withDipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Avanzate dell’Università del Piemonte Orientale and Gruppo Collegato INFN
    • , T. B. SkaaliAffiliated withDepartment of Physics, University of Oslo
    • , K. SkjerdalAffiliated withDepartment of Physics and Technology, University of Bergen
    • , R. SmakalAffiliated withFaculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague
    • , N. SmirnovAffiliated withYale University
    • , R. SnellingsAffiliated withNational Institute for Nuclear and High Energy Physics (NIKHEF)
    • , H. SnowAffiliated withSchool of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham
    • , C. SøgaardAffiliated withNiels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen
    • , O. SokolovAffiliated withInstituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
    • , A. SolovievAffiliated withInstitute for High Energy Physics
    • , H. K. SoltveitAffiliated withPhysikalisches Institut, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
    • , R. SoltzAffiliated withLawrence Livermore National Laboratory
    • , W. SommerAffiliated withInstitut für Kernphysik, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
    • , C. W. SonAffiliated withPusan National University
    • , H. S. SonAffiliated withDepartment of Physics, Sejong University
    • , M. SongAffiliated withYonsei University
    • , C. SoosAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , F. SoramelAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , D. SoykAffiliated withExtreMe Matter Institute EMMI, GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
    • , M. Spyropoulou-StassinakiAffiliated withPhysics Department, University of Athens
    • , B. K. SrivastavaAffiliated withPurdue University
    • , J. StachelAffiliated withPhysikalisches Institut, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
    • , F. StaleyAffiliated withCommissariat à l’Energie Atomique, IRFU
    • , I. StanAffiliated withInstitute of Space Sciences (ISS)
    • , G. StefanekAffiliated withSoltan Institute for Nuclear Studies
    • , G. StefaniniAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , T. SteinbeckAffiliated withKirchhoff-Institut für Physik, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
    • , E. StenlundAffiliated withDivision of Experimental High Energy Physics, University of Lund
    • , G. SteynAffiliated withPhysics Department, University of Cape Town, iThemba Laboratories
    • , D. StoccoAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , R. StockAffiliated withInstitut für Kernphysik, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
    • , P. StolpovskyAffiliated withInstitute for High Energy Physics
    • , P. StrmenAffiliated withFaculty of Mathematics, Physics and Informatics, Comenius University
    • , A. A. P. SuaideAffiliated withUniversidade de São Paulo (USP)
    • , M. A. Subieta VásquezAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , T. SugitateAffiliated withHiroshima University
    • , C. SuireAffiliated withInstitut de Physique Nucléaire d’Orsay (IPNO), Université Paris-Sud, CNRS-IN2P3
    • , M. ŠumberaAffiliated withNuclear Physics Institute, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
    • , T. SusaAffiliated withRudjer Bošković Institute
    • , D. SwobodaAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , T. J. M. SymonsAffiliated withLawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
    • , A. Szanto de ToledoAffiliated withUniversidade de São Paulo (USP)
    • , I. SzarkaAffiliated withFaculty of Mathematics, Physics and Informatics, Comenius University
    • , A. SzostakAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , M. SzubaAffiliated withWarsaw University of Technology
    • , M. TadelAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , C. TagridisAffiliated withPhysics Department, University of Athens
    • , A. TakaharaAffiliated withUniversity of Tokyo
    • , J. TakahashiAffiliated withUniversidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP)
    • , R. TanabeAffiliated withUniversity of Tsukuba
    • , J. D. Tapia TakakiAffiliated withInstitut de Physique Nucléaire d’Orsay (IPNO), Université Paris-Sud, CNRS-IN2P3
    • , H. TauregAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , A. TauroAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , M. TavletAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , G. Tejeda MuñozAffiliated withBenemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla
    • , A. TelescaAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , C. TerrevoliAffiliated withDipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
    • , J. ThäderAffiliated withKirchhoff-Institut für Physik, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
    • , R. TieulentAffiliated withUniversité de Lyon 1, CNRS/IN2P3, Institut de Physique Nucléaire de Lyon
    • , D. TlustyAffiliated withFaculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague
    • , A. ToiaAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , T. TolyhyAffiliated withKFKI Research Institute for Particle and Nuclear Physics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences
    • , C. Torcato de MatosAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , H. ToriiAffiliated withHiroshima University
    • , G. TorralbaAffiliated withKirchhoff-Institut für Physik, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
    • , L. ToscanoAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , F. ToselloAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , A. TournaireAffiliated withSUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de Nantes, Université de Nantes, CNRS-IN2P3
    • , T. TraczykAffiliated withWarsaw University of Technology
    • , P. TribedyAffiliated withVariable Energy Cyclotron Centre
    • , G. TrögerAffiliated withKirchhoff-Institut für Physik, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
    • , D. TruesdaleAffiliated withDepartment of Physics, Ohio State University
    • , W. H. TrzaskaAffiliated withHelsinki Institute of Physics (HIP) and University of Jyväskylä
    • , G. TsiledakisAffiliated withPhysikalisches Institut, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
    • , E. TsilisAffiliated withPhysics Department, University of Athens
    • , T. TsujiAffiliated withUniversity of Tokyo
    • , A. TumkinAffiliated withRussian Federal Nuclear Center (VNIIEF)
    • , R. TurrisiAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , A. TurveyAffiliated withPhysics Department, Creighton University
    • , T. S. TveterAffiliated withDepartment of Physics, University of Oslo
    • , H. TydesjöAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , K. TywoniukAffiliated withDepartment of Physics, University of Oslo
    • , J. UleryAffiliated withInstitut für Kernphysik, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
    • , K. UllalandAffiliated withDepartment of Physics and Technology, University of Bergen
    • , A. UrasAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , J. UrbánAffiliated withFaculty of Science, P.J. Šafárik University
    • , G. M. UrciuoliAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , G. L. UsaiAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , A. VacchiAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , M. ValaAffiliated withJoint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR)
    • , L. Valencia PalomoAffiliated withInstituto de Física, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
    • , S. ValleroAffiliated withPhysikalisches Institut, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
    • , A. van den BrinkAffiliated withInstitute for Subatomic Physics, Utrecht University
    • , N. van der KolkAffiliated withNational Institute for Nuclear and High Energy Physics (NIKHEF)
    • , P. Vande VyvreAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , M. van LeeuwenAffiliated withInstitute for Subatomic Physics, Utrecht University
    • , L. VannucciAffiliated withLaboratori Nazionali di Legnaro, INFN
    • , A. VargasAffiliated withBenemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla
    • , R. VarmaAffiliated withIndian Institute of Technology
    • , A. VasilievAffiliated withRussian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
    • , I. VassilievAffiliated withKirchhoff-Institut für Physik, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
    • , M. VassiliouAffiliated withPhysics Department, University of Athens
    • , V. VecherninAffiliated withV. Fock Institute for Physics, St. Petersburg State University
    • , M. VenaruzzoAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , E. VercellinAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , S. VergaraAffiliated withBenemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla
    • , R. VernetAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , M. VerweijAffiliated withInstitute for Subatomic Physics, Utrecht University
    • , I. VetlitskiyAffiliated withInstitute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics
    • , L. VickovicAffiliated withTechnical University of Split FESB
    • , G. ViestiAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , O. VikhlyantsevAffiliated withRussian Federal Nuclear Center (VNIIEF)
    • , Z. VilakaziAffiliated withPhysics Department, University of Cape Town, iThemba Laboratories
    • , O. Villalobos BaillieAffiliated withSchool of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham
    • , A. VinogradovAffiliated withRussian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
    • , L. VinogradovAffiliated withV. Fock Institute for Physics, St. Petersburg State University
    • , Y. VinogradovAffiliated withRussian Federal Nuclear Center (VNIIEF)
    • , T. VirgiliAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica ‘E.R. Caianiello’ dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , Y. P. ViyogiAffiliated withInstitute of Physics
    • , A. VodopianovAffiliated withJoint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR)
    • , K. VoloshinAffiliated withInstitute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics
    • , S. VoloshinAffiliated withWayne State University
    • , G. VolpeAffiliated withDipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
    • , B. von HallerAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , D. VranicAffiliated withExtreMe Matter Institute EMMI, GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
    • , J. VrlákováAffiliated withFaculty of Science, P.J. Šafárik University
    • , B. VulpescuAffiliated withLaboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire (LPC), Clermont Université, Université Blaise Pascal, CNRS–IN2P3
    • , B. WagnerAffiliated withDepartment of Physics and Technology, University of Bergen
    • , V. WagnerAffiliated withFaculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague
    • , L. WalletAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , R. WanAffiliated withHua-Zhong Normal University
    • , D. WangAffiliated withHua-Zhong Normal University
    • , Y. WangAffiliated withPhysikalisches Institut, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
    • , Y. WangAffiliated withHua-Zhong Normal University
    • , K. WatanabeAffiliated withUniversity of Tsukuba
    • , Q. WenAffiliated withChina Institute of Atomic Energy
    • , J. WesselsAffiliated withInstitut für Kernphysik, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster
    • , J. WiechulaAffiliated withPhysikalisches Institut, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
    • , J. WikneAffiliated withDepartment of Physics, University of Oslo
    • , A. WilkAffiliated withInstitut für Kernphysik, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster
    • , G. WilkAffiliated withSoltan Institute for Nuclear Studies
    • , M. C. S. WilliamsAffiliated withSezione INFN
    • , N. WillisAffiliated withInstitut de Physique Nucléaire d’Orsay (IPNO), Université Paris-Sud, CNRS-IN2P3
    • , B. WindelbandAffiliated withPhysikalisches Institut, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
    • , C. XuAffiliated withHua-Zhong Normal University
    • , C. YangAffiliated withHua-Zhong Normal University
    • , H. YangAffiliated withPhysikalisches Institut, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
    • , A. YasnopolskyAffiliated withRussian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
    • , F. YermiaAffiliated withSUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de Nantes, Université de Nantes, CNRS-IN2P3
    • , J. YiAffiliated withPusan National University
    • , Z. YinAffiliated withHua-Zhong Normal University
    • , H. YokoyamaAffiliated withUniversity of Tsukuba
    • , I.-K. YooAffiliated withPusan National University
    • , X. YuanAffiliated withHua-Zhong Normal University
    • , I. YushmanovAffiliated withRussian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
    • , E. ZabrodinAffiliated withDepartment of Physics, University of Oslo
    • , B. ZagreevAffiliated withInstitute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics
    • , A. ZaliteAffiliated withPetersburg Nuclear Physics Institute
    • , C. ZampolliAffiliated withEuropean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • , Yu. ZanevskyAffiliated withJoint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR)
    • , S. ZaporozhetsAffiliated withJoint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR)
    • , A. ZarochentsevAffiliated withV. Fock Institute for Physics, St. Petersburg State University
    • , P. ZávadaAffiliated withInstitute of Physics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
    • , H. ZbroszczykAffiliated withWarsaw University of Technology
    • , P. ZelnicekAffiliated withKirchhoff-Institut für Physik, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
    • , A. ZeninAffiliated withInstitute for High Energy Physics
    • , A. ZepedaAffiliated withCentro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados (CINVESTAV)
    • , I. ZguraAffiliated withInstitute of Space Sciences (ISS)
    • , M. ZhalovAffiliated withPetersburg Nuclear Physics Institute
    • , X. ZhangAffiliated withHua-Zhong Normal University
    • , D. ZhouAffiliated withHua-Zhong Normal University
    • , S. ZhouAffiliated withChina Institute of Atomic Energy
    • , S. ZhouAffiliated withChina Institute of Atomic Energy
    • , J. ZhuAffiliated withHua-Zhong Normal University
    • , A. ZichichiAffiliated withDipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
    • , A. ZinchenkoAffiliated withJoint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR)
    • , G. ZinovjevAffiliated withBogolyubov Institute for Theoretical Physics
    • , M. ZinovjevAffiliated withBogolyubov Institute for Theoretical Physics
    • , Y. ZoccaratoAffiliated withUniversité de Lyon 1, CNRS/IN2P3, Institut de Physique Nucléaire de Lyon
    • , V. ZycháčekAffiliated withFaculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague

Abstract

On 23rd November 2009, during the early commissioning of the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC), two counter-rotating proton bunches were circulated for the first time concurrently in the machine, at the LHC injection energy of 450 GeV per beam. Although the proton intensity was very low, with only one pilot bunch per beam, and no systematic attempt was made to optimize the collision optics, all LHC experiments reported a number of collision candidates. In the ALICE experiment, the collision region was centred very well in both the longitudinal and transverse directions and 284 events were recorded in coincidence with the two passing proton bunches. The events were immediately reconstructed and analyzed both online and offline. We have used these events to measure the pseudorapidity density of charged primary particles in the central region. In the range |η|<0.5, we obtain dN ch/dη=3.10±0.13(stat.)±0.22(syst.) for all inelastic interactions, and dN ch/dη=3.51±0.15(stat.)±0.25(syst.) for non-single diffractive interactions. These results are consistent with previous measurements in proton–antiproton interactions at the same centre-of-mass energy at the CERN Sp \(\overline{\mathrm{p}}\) S collider. They also illustrate the excellent functioning and rapid progress of the LHC accelerator, and of both the hardware and software of the ALICE experiment, in this early start-up phase.