The GW plus cumulant method and plasmonic polarons: application to the homogeneous electron gas*
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- Caruso, F. & Giustino, F. Eur. Phys. J. B (2016) 89: 238. doi:10.1140/epjb/e2016-70028-4
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We study the spectral function of the homogeneous electron gas using many-body perturbation theory and the cumulant expansion. We compute the angle-resolved spectral function based on the GW approximation and the “GW plus cumulant” approach. In agreement with previous studies, the GW spectral function exhibits a spurious plasmaron peak at energies 1.5ωpl below the quasiparticle peak, ωpl being the plasma energy. The GW plus cumulant approach, on the other hand, reduces significantly the intensity of the plasmon-induced spectral features and renormalizes their energy relative to the quasiparticle energy to ωpl. Consistently with previous work on semiconductors, our results show that the HEG is characterized by the emergence of plasmonic polaron bands, that is, broadened replica of the quasiparticle bands, red-shifted by the plasmon energy.