, Volume 54, Issue 3, pp 345-364,
Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.
Date: 02 Feb 2008

Study of W-boson polarisations and triple gauge boson couplings in the reaction e+ e- →W+ W- at LEP 2


A determination of the single W spin density matrix (SDM) elements in the reaction e+e-→W+W-→lνqq̄(l=e/μ) is reported at centre-of-mass energies between 189 and 209 GeV. The data sample used corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 520 pb-1 taken by DELPHI between 1998 and 2000. The single W SDM elements, ρττ’ (τ,τ’=± 1 or 0), are determined as a function of the W- production angle with respect to the e- beam direction and are obtained from measurements of the W decay products by the application of suitable projection operators, Λττ’, which assume the V-A coupling of the W-boson to fermions. The measured SDM elements are used to obtain the fraction of longitudinally polarised Ws, with the result: \(\frac{\sigma_{\text{L}}}{\sigma_{{\text{tot}}}} = 24.9 \pm4.5({\text{stat}}) \pm2.2({\text{syst}})\%\) at a mean energy of 198 GeV. The SDM elements are also used to determine the triple gauge couplings Δg1 Z,Δκγγ and g4 Z, \(\tilde{\kappa}_{Z}\) and \(\tilde{\lambda}_{Z}\). For the CP-violating couplings the results of single parameter fits are: \(g_4^{{Z}} = -0.39^{+0.19}_{-0.20}\) \(\tilde{\kappa}_{{Z}} = -0.09^{+0.08}_{-0.05}\) \(\tilde{\lambda}_{{Z}} = -0.08\pm0.07 .\) The errors are a combination of statistical and systematic errors. All results are consistent with the Standard Model.