, Volume 38, Issue 1, pp 14-24
Date: 04 Feb 2012

Features of the organization of the cerebral cortex bioelectric potentials and visceral state in neurotic depression

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Abstract

Studies were conducted with the participation of 20 patients with different classical variants of neurotic depression. The spatial organization of the bioelectrical activity of the brain was studied with the method of cross-correlation and coherent analysis. The autonomic-visceral state was assessed by the results of the auricular cryoreflex test (measurement of the cold sensibility of auricular points). The clinical picture of neurotic depression was shown to be reflected in the structure of the EEG spatial organization, which is modified depending on the degree of neurotic depression and the concomitant anxiety and asthenic syndromes. In the group with depressive syndrome without concomitant asthenic or anxiety manifestations, most changes were revealed in the right frontotemporal-left posterotemporal region. A cross-correlation and coherence decrease in the frontotemporal regions of both hemispheres and markedly increased cross-correlations in the right posterotemporal region were revealed in the depression + associated anxiety group. In the group where the depressive and anxiety syndromes were associated with marked asthenic manifestations, decreased cross-correlation and coherent relations in the frontotemporal regions of both hemispheres were observed. The clinical picture of neurotic disorders is reflected in a specific pattern of variations in the spatial organization of electrical activity of the cerebral cortex and in variations in the autonomic visceral state parameters. The development of negative emotional states in humans is accompanied by changes in the visceral functions. Variations in the central brain structures involve the zones of representation of emotional reactions and the zones of cortical representation of the organs. Insignificant central variations may cause autonomic dysfunction.

Original Russian Text © A.A. Ivonin, D.O. Kutsenko, N.N. Bogdanov, V.T. Shuvaev, A.D. Nozdrachev, 2012, published in Fiziologiya Cheloveka, 2012, Vol. 38, No. 1, pp. 20–32.