Research needs for restoring tropical forests in Southeast Asia for wildlife conservation: framework species selection and seed propagation
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
Some governments in Southeast Asia, such as those of Thailand and Vietnam have clear policies to restore large areas of degraded land to native forest. However, knowledge needed for the success of these ambitious programmes is still inadequate, and considerable further research is required. Furthermore, very little literature is available to conservation practitioners about the restoration of tropical forests for biodiversity conservation. This paper introduces the framework species method of forest restoration, which is being developed to restore forests in Thailand. The paper examines the potential for adoption of this technique in different forest types across the Southeast Asia region, and identifies priorities for future research needed before the method can be widely implemented. These include the identification of forest types, the selection of candidate framework species, maintenance of genetic diversity, and development of methods of seed collection and germination.
- Aldrich P.R., Hamrick J.L., Chavarriaga P. and Kochert G. 1998. Microsatellite analysis of demographic genetic structure in fragmented populations of the tropical tree Symphonia globulifera. Molecular Ecol. 7: 933–944.
- Barrett S.C.H. and Kohn J.R. 1991. Genetic and evolutionary consequences of small population sizes in plants: implications for conservation. In: Falk D.A. and Holsinger K.E. (eds), Genetics and Conservation of Rare Plants. Oxford University Press, New York, pp. 3–30.
- Blakesley D., Anusarnsunthorn V., Kerby J., Navakitbumrung P., Kuarak C., Zangkum S. et al. 2000. Nursery technology and tree species selection for restoring forest biodiversity in northern Thailand. In: Elliott S., Kerby J., Blakesley D., Hardwick K., Woods K. and Anusarnsunthorn V. (eds), Forest Restoration for Wildlife Conservation. International Tropical Timber Organisation and The Forest Restoration Research Unit. Chiang Mai University, Thailand, pp. 207–220.
- Blakesley D., Elliott S., Kuarak C., Navakitbumrung P., Zangkum S. and Anusarnsunthorn V. Propagating native framework tree species to restore seasonally dry tropical forest: implications of seasonal seed dispersal and dormancy. Forest Ecol. Manage. (in press).
- Corlett R.T. 1998. Frugivory and seed dispersal by vertebrates in the Oriental (Indomalayan) Region. Biol. Rev. 73: 413–448.
- Elliott S. (ed.) 2000. The Chiang Mai Research Agenda for the restoration of degraded forest lands for wildlife conservation in Southeast Asia. In: Elliott S., Kerby J., Blakesley D., Hardwick K., Woods K. and Anusarnsunthorn V. (eds), Forest Restoration for Wildlife Conservation. International Tropical Timber Organisation and The Forest Restoration Research Unit. Chiang Mai University, Thailand, pp. 383–411.
- Elliott S., Anusarnsunthorn V., Garwood N. and Blakesley D. 1995. Research needs for restoring the forests of Thailand. Nat. Hist. Bull. Siam. Soc. 43: 179–184.
- Elliott S., Kuarak C., Navakitbumrung P., Zangkum S., Anusarnsunthorn V. and Blakesley D. Propagating framework trees to restore seasonally dry tropical forest in northern Thailand. New Forests (in press).
- FAO Forest Resources Division 1995. Collecting woody perennials. In: Guarino L., Ramanath Rao V. and Reid R. (eds), Collecting Plant Genetic Diversity. Technical Guidelines. CAB International, pp. 467–484.
- Flannery T. 1995. Mammals of the South-west Pacific & Moluccan Islands. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, N.Y., USA.
- Forest Restoration Research Unit, Elliott S., Anusarnsunthorn V., Blakesley D. (eds) 1998. Forests for the Future: Growing and Planting Native Trees for Restoring Forest Ecosystems. 60 p.
- Forest Restoration Research Unit, Kerby J., Elliott S., Maxwell J.F., Blakesley D., and Anusarnsunthorn V. 2000. Tree seeds and seedlings for restoring forests in northern Thailand. 152 p.
- Garwood N.C. 1983. Seed germination in a seasonal tropical forest in Panama: a community study. Ecol. Monog. 53: 159–181.
- Goosem S.P. and Tucker N.I.J. 1995. Repairing the Rainforest-Theory and Practice of Rainforest Re-establishment in North Queensland's Wet Topics. Wet Tropics Management Authority, Cairns, 71 p.
- Guarino L., Ramanath Rao V. and Reid R. (eds) 1995. Collecting Plant Genetic Diversity. Technical Guidelines. CAB International, 748 p.
- Hardwick K., Healey J., Elliott S., Garwood N.C. and Anusarnsunthorn V. 1997. Understanding and assisting natural regeneration processes in degraded seasonal evergreen forests in northern Thailand. Forest Ecol. Manage. 99: 203–214.
- Janzen D.H. 1978. Seeding patterns of tropical trees. In: omlinson P.B. and Zimmermann M.H. (eds), Tropical trees as Living Systems. Cambridge University Press, pp. 83–128.
- Kijkar S. 1991a. Handbook: Coconut husk as a potting medium. ASEAN-Canada Forest Tree Seed Centre, Muak Lek, Thailand.
- Kijkar S. 1991b. Handbook: Producing rooted cuttings of Eucalyptus camaldulensis. ASEAN-Canada Forest Tree Seed Centre, Muak Lek, Thailand.
- Knowles O.H. and Parrotta J.A. 1995. Amazonian forest restoration: an innovative system for native species selection based on phenological data and field performance indices. Commonwealth Forestry Review 74: 230–243.
- Krishnapillay B., Mansorm M. and Mohd K. 1993. FRIM suggests seeds not necessarily orthodox or recalcitrant. Seed Centre News (ASEAN-Canada Forest Tree Centre Project) 10: 3.
- Lamb D., Parrotta J., Keenan R. and Tucker N. 1997. Rejoining habitat fragments: restoring degraded rainforest lands. In: Laurance W.F. and Bierregaard R.O. (eds), Tropical Forest Remnants: Ecology, Management and Conservation of Fragmented Communities. University of Chicago Press, pp. 366–385.
- Micleburgh S.P. and Carroll J.B. 1994. The role of captive breeding in the conservation of Old World Fruit Bats. In: Olney P.J.S., Mace G.M. and Feistner A.T.C. (eds), Creative Conservation: Interactive Management of Wild and Captive Animals. Chapman and Hall, London, UK, pp. 352–364.
- Phua P.B. and Corlett R.T. 1989. Seed dispersal by the Lesser Short-nosed Fruit Bat (Cymnopterus brachyotis, Pteropodidae, Megachiroptera). Malayan Nature Journal 42: 251–256.
- Schmidt L. 2000. Guide to handling of tropical and subtropical forest seed. Danida Forest Tree Centre, Denmark.
- Tucker N. and Murphy T. 1997. The effects of ecological rehabilitation on vegetation recruitment: some observations from the Wet Tropics of North Queensland. Forest Ecol. Manage. 99: 133–152.
- World Conservation Monitoring Centre 1996. Guide to Information Management in the context of the Convention on Biological Diversity. United Nations Environment Programme, Nairobi, Kenya.
- Young A.G., Boshier D. and Boyle T.J. 2000. Forest Conservation Genetics: Principles and Practice. CSIRO Publishing, Australia.
- Research needs for restoring tropical forests in Southeast Asia for wildlife conservation: framework species selection and seed propagation
Volume 24, Issue 3 , pp 165-174
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers
- Additional Links
- Biodiversity conservation
- Forest restoration
- Genetic diversity
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Horticulture Research International, East Malling, West Malling, ME19 6BJ, UK
- 2. School of Agricultural and Forest Sciences, University of Wales, Bangor, LL57 2UW, UK
- 3. Forest Restoration Research Unit, Biology Department, Science Faculty, Chiang Mai University, 50200, Thailand