Fish Communities of the Sacramento River Basin: Implications for Conservation of Native Fishes in the Central Valley, California
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
The associations of resident fish communities with environmental variables and stream condition were evaluated at representative sites within the Sacramento River Basin, California between 1996 and 1998 using multivariate ordination techniques and by calculating six fish community metrics. In addition, the results of the current study were compared with recent studies in the San Joaquin River drainage to provide a wider perspective of the condition of resident fish communities in the Central Valley of California as a whole. Within the Sacramento drainage, species distributions were correlated with elevational and substrate size gradients; however, the elevation of a sampling site was correlated with a suite of water-quality and habitat variables that are indicative of land use effects on physio-chemical stream parameters. Four fish community metrics – percentage of native fish, percentage of intolerant fish, number of tolerant species, and percentage of fish with external anomalies – were responsive to environmental quality. Comparisons between the current study and recent studies in the San Joaquin River drainage suggested that differences in water-management practices may have significant effects on native species fish community structure. Additionally, the results of the current study suggest that index of biotic integrity-type indices can be developed for the Sacramento River Basin and possibly the entire Central Valley, California. The protection of native fish communities in the Central Valley and other arid environments continues to be a conflict between human needs for water resources and the requirements of aquatic ecosystems; preservation of these ecosystems will require innovative management strategies.
- Baltz, D.M. & P.B. Moyle. 1993. Invasion resistance to introduced fishes by a native assemblage of California stream fishes. Ecol. Appl. 3: 246–255.
- Baltz, D.M., P.B. Moyle & N.J. Knight 1982. Competitive interaction between benthic stream fishes, riffle sculpin, Cottus gulosus, and speckled dace, Rhinichthys osculus. Can. J. Fish Aquat. Sci. 39: 1502–1511.
- Bottom, D.L. 1995. Restoring salmon ecosystems, myth and reality. Res. Manag. Notes: 64: 37–40.
- Brown, L.R. 2000. Fish communities and their associations with environmental variables, lower San Joaquin River drainage, California. Env. Biol. Fish. 57: 251–269.
- Brown, L.R. & T.J. Ford. 2002. Effects of flowon the fish communities of a regulated California river: implications for managing native fishes. Regulated Rivers: Research and Management (in press).
- Brown, L.R. & P.B. Moyle. 1993. Distribution, ecology, and status of fishes of the San Joaquin drainage, California. Calif. Fish and Game 79: 96–114.
- Brown, L.R. & P.B. Moyle. 1997. Invading species in the Eel River, California: successes, failures, and relationships with resident species. Env. Biol. Fish. 49: 271–291.
- Cech, J.J, Jr., S.J. Mitchell, D.T. Castleberry & M. McEnroe. 1990. Distribution of California stream fishes: influence of environmental temperature and hypoxia. Env. Biol. Fish. 29: 95–105.
- Elvira, B. 1995. Native and exotic freshwater fishes in Spanish River basins. Freshwat. Biol. 33: 103–108.
- Fausch, K.D., J.R. Karr & P.R. Yant. 1984. Regional application of an index of biotic integrity based on stream fish communities. Trans. Amer. Fish. Soc. 113: 39–55.
- Gauch, H.G. Jr. 1982. Multivariate analysis in community ecology. Cambridge University Press, New York. 298 pp.
- Godinho, F.N., M.T. Ferreira & R.V. Cortes. 1997. Composition and spatial organization of fish assemblage in the lower Guadiana basin, Southern Iberia. Ecol. Freshwat. Fish 6: 134–143.
- Hill, M.O. 1979. TWINSPAN: a FORTRAN program for arranging multivariate data in an ordered two-way table by classification of the individuals and attributes. Ecology and Systematics, Cornell University, Ithaca. 90 pp.
- Hill, M.O.R & H.G. Gauch. 1980. Detrended correspondence analysis, an improved eigenvector technique. Vegetatio 42: 47–58.
- Hughes, R.M.R & J.R. Gammon. 1987. Longitudinal changes in fish assemblages and water quality in the Willamette River, Oregon. Trans. Amer. Fish. Soc. 116: 196–209.
- Jongman, R.H.G., C.J.F. ter Braak & O.F.R. Tongeren. 1987. Data analysis in community and landscape ecology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. 299 pp.
- Kahrl, W.L., W.A. Bowen, S. Brand, M.L. Shelton, D.L. Shelton & D.A. Ryan. 1978. The California water atlas: the governor's office of planning and research, Sacramento. 118 pp.
- Karr, J.R. 1981. Assessment of biotic integrity using fish communities. Fisheries 6: 21–27.
- Marchetti, M.P. & P.B. Moyle. 2001. Effects of flow regime on fish assemblages in regulated California stream. Ecol. Appl. 11: 75–87.
- Meffe, G.K. 1991. Failed invasion of a southeastern black water stream by bluegill: implications for conservation of native communities. Trans. Amer. Fish. Soc. 120: 333–338.
- Minkely, W.L. & G.K. Meffe. 1987. Differential selection by flooding in stream fish communities of the arid American Southwest. pp. 93–104. In: W.J. Matthews & D.C. Heins (ed.) Community and Evolutionary Ecology of North American Stream Fishes, University of Oklahoma Press, Norman.
- Mount, J.F. 1995. California rivers and streams: the conflict between fluvial process and land use. University of California Press, Berkeley. 359 pp.
- Moyle, P.B. 1976a. Fish introductions in California: history and impact of native fishes. Biol. Conserv. 9: 101–118.
- Moyle, P.B. 1976b. Inland fishes of California. University of California Press, Berkeley. 405 pp.
- Moyle, P.B. 1995. Conservation of native freshwater fishes in the mediterranean-type climate of California, USA: a review. Biol. Conserv. 72: 721–279.
- Moyle, P.B. & T. Light. 1996a. Biological invasions of freshwater: empirical rules and assembly theory. Biol. Conserv. 78: 149–162.
- Moyle, P.B. & T. Light. 1996b. Fish invasions in California: do abiotic factors determine success? Ecology 77: 1666–1670.
- Moyle, P.B. & R.D. Nichols. 1973. Ecology of some native and introduced fishes of the Sierra Nevada foothills in central California. Copeia 1973: 978–990.
- Moyle, P.B. & R.D. Nichols. 1974. Decline of native fish fauna of the Sierra Nevada foothills, central California. Amer. Midl. Nat. 92: 72–83.
- Moyle, P.B. & P.J. Randall. 1998. Evaluating the biotic integrity in the Sierra Nevada, California. Conserv. Biol. 12: 1318–1326.
- Moyle, P.B., J.J. Smith, R.A. Daniels, T.L. Taylor, D.G. Price & D.M. Baltz. 1982. Distribution and ecology of stream fishes of the Sacramento- San Joaquin drainage system, California. Univ. Calif. Publ. Zool. 115: 1–256.
- Nehlsen, W., J.A. Lichatowich & J.E. Williams. 1992. Pacific salmon and the search for sustainability. Renew. Resourc. 10: 20–26.
- Omernik, J.M. 1987. Ecoregions of the conterminous United States. Ann. Assoc. Amer. Geog. 77: 118–125.
- Rahel, F.J. 1990. The hierachical nature of community persistance: a problem of scale. Amer. Nat. 136: 328–344.
- Reisner, M. 1986. Cadillac desert. Viking-Peguin, New York. 582 pp.
- Schulz, P.D. & D.D. Simons. 1973. Fish species diversity in a prehistoric central California indian midden. Calf. Fish and Game 59: 107–113.
- ter Braak, C.J.F. 1986. Canonical correspondence analysis: a new eigenvector method for multivariate direct gradient analysis. Ecology 67: 1167–1179.
- ter Braak, C.J.F. 1987. CANOCO: a FORTRAN program for canonical community ordination by (partial) (detrended) (canonical) correspondence analysis, principal component analysis and redundancy analysis. TNO Institute of Applied Computer Science, Wageningen. 95 pp.
- Yoshiyama, R.M., F.W. Fisher & P.B. Moyle. 1998. Historical abundance and decline of Chinook salmon in the central valley region of California. N. Amer. Fish. Manag. 18: 487–521.
- Fish Communities of the Sacramento River Basin: Implications for Conservation of Native Fishes in the Central Valley, California
Environmental Biology of Fishes
Volume 63, Issue 4 , pp 373-388
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers
- Additional Links
- native species
- introduced species
- environmental gradients
- flow regulation
- index of biotic integrity
- multivariate analysis
- Author Affiliations
- 1. U.S. Geological Survey, WRD, California State University Sacramento Foundation, Placer Hall, 6000 J Street, Sacramento, CA, 95819-6129, U.S.A.
- 2. U.S. Geological Survey, WRD, Placer Hall, 6000 J Street, Sacramento, CA, 95819-6129, U.S.A.