Context and Early Origins of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
- Shardul Agrawala
- … show all 1 hide
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
Climate change is a problem which is global both in terms of causes and consequences. The uncertainties are large and likely to persist. Meanwhile, the political and economic stakes of both action and inaction are much higher than those in other transboundary concerns such as acid rain and ozone depletion. The public policy impact of scientific opinions on climate change, therefore, not only depends upon what is being said, but also, who is advancing those conclusions and how they were arrived at. This was the rationale behind the setting up of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) in 1988. The paper examines the IPCC in the context of prior assessment efforts. It attempts to unravel the processes which caused the IPCC to be set up when it was and how it was, as opposed to different times and different forms.
- Agrawala, S.: 1998, ‘Structural and Process History of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’, Clim. Change.
- Anonymous: 1987, US Draft Proposal on the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
- Arrhenius, S.: 1896, ‘On the Influence of Carbonic Acid in the Air Upon the Temperature of the Ground’, Phil. Mag. 41, 237-271.
- Bolin, B.: 1997, Interview with author, Stockholm, Sweden, March 6.
- Brenton, T.: 1994, The Greening of Machiavelli: The Evolution of International Environmental Politics, Earthscan Publications, London.
- Do E: 1985, State of the Art Reports,Department of Energy, Washington, D.C.
- Döös, B.: 1997, Interview with author, Vienna, Austria, February 4.
- EPA: 1983, Can We Delay Greenhouse Warming?: The Effectiveness and Feasibility of Options to Slow a Build-Up of Carbon-dioxide in the Atmosphere, Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C.
- EPA: 1986, Effects of Changes in Stratospheric Ozone and Global Climate, United Nations Environment Programme / Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C.
- Fourier, J. B.: 1827, cited in Kellogg, W. W.: 1991, ‘Overview of Global Climate Change: The Science and Social Issues’, MTS Journal, 25(3).
- Hecht, A. D. and Tirpak, D.: 1995, ‘Framework Agreement on Climate Change: A Scientific and Policy History’, Clim. Change 29, 371-402.
- IPCC: 1989, WMO/UNEP Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change: Report of the First Session of the IPCC Bureau, WCP TD - No. 294. Geneva, 6-7 February.
- Jäger, J. (ed.): 1988, Developing Policies for Responding to Climatic Change’, WCIP-1, WMO/TD - No. 225, World Meteorological Organization, Geneva.
- Keeling, C. D., Carter, A. F., and Mook, W. G.: 1984, ‘Seasonal, Latitudinal and Secular Variations in the Abundance and Isotope Ratios of Atmospheric CO2’, J. Geophys. Res. 89, 4615-4628.
- Kellogg, W.: 1987,’ Mankind’s Impact on Climate: The Evolution of an Awareness’, Clim. Change 10(2), 113-136.
- Kellogg, W. W., Coakley, J. A., and Grams, G. W.: 1975, ‘Effect of Anthropogenic Aerosols on the Global Climate’, Proc. WMO/IMAP Symposium on Long-Term Climatic Fluctuations, pp. 323-330.
- Mormino, J., Sola, D., and Patten, C.: 1975, Climate Impact Assessment Program: Development and Accomplishments 1971-1975, DOT-TST-76-41, Department of Transportation, Washington, D.C., December.
- NRC: 1977, Energy and Climate, National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C.
- NRC: 1979, Carbon-dioxide and Climate: A Scientific Assessment, Climate Research Board, National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C.
- NRC: 1983, Changing Climate: Report of the Carbon Dioxide Assessment Committee, Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, National Research Council, Washington, D.C.
- Obasi, G. O. P.: 1988, Letter to WMO Member Governments, WMO, Geneva, March 25.
- Oppenheimer, M.: 1989, ‘Developing Policies for Responding to Climatic Change’, Clim. Change 15, 1-4.
- PSAC: 1965, Restoring the Quality of our Environment: Report of the Environmental Pollution Panel, President’s Science Advisory Committee, The White House, Washington, D.C.
- Ramanthan, V., Singh, H. B., Cicerone, R. J., and Kiehl, J. T.: 1985, ‘Trace Gas Trends and Their Potential Role in Climate Change’, J. Geophys. Res. 90, 5547-5566.
- Revelle, R.: 1985, ‘Introduction: The Scientific History of Carbon Dioxide’ in: E. T. Sundquist and W. S. Broecker (eds.), The Carbon Cycle and Atmospheric CO2: Natural Variations Archean to Present, Geophysical Monograph 32, American Geophysical Union, Washington, D.C., pp. 1-4.
- Ripert, J.: 1997, Interview with author, Paris, France, March 14.
- SCEP: 1970, Man’s Impact on Global Environment, MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass.
- SMIC: 1971, Inadvertent Climate Modification, MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass.
- Sundararaman, N.: 1988, Background Materials for the First Session of the WMO/UNEP Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Geneva, Switzerland. November 6-11.
- Tolba, M.: 1988, ‘Warming:Warning’, Opening Speech at the First Session of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Geneva, November 9.
- Tyndall, J.: 1863, ‘On Radiation Through the Earth’s Atmosphere’, Phil. Mag. 4, 200-207.
- UNGA: 1988, Conservation of Climate as Part of Common Heritage of Mankind. Draft resolution proposed by Malta, October 26.
- Usher, P.: 1997, Interview with author, Bonn, Germany, March 4.
- WMO: 1979, Proceedings of The World Climate Conference, Report No. 537, WMO, Geneva. Switzerland.
- WMO: 1985, International Assessment of the Role of Carbon Dioxide and of Other Greenhouse Gases in Climate Variations and Associated Impacts, Villach, Austria.
- WMO: 1989, Proceedings of the World Conference on the Changing Atmosphere: Implications for Global Security, Toronto, Canada, June 27-30.
- Context and Early Origins of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
Volume 39, Issue 4 , pp 605-620
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers
- Additional Links
- Industry Sectors
- Shardul Agrawala (1)
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Science, Technology and Environmental Policy Program, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton University, 5 Ivy Lane, Princeton, NJ, 08540, U.S.A.