Original Paper

Annals of Forest Science

, Volume 71, Issue 2, pp 125-130

First online:

US strategy for forest management adaptation to climate change: building a framework for decision making

  • V. Alaric SampleAffiliated withPinchot Institute Email author 
  • , Jessica E. HalofskyAffiliated withSchool of Environmental and Forest Sciences, University of Washington
  • , David L. PetersonAffiliated withUSDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access



Recent policy changes in the USA direct agencies managing federal forests to analyze the potential effects of climate change on forest productivity, water resource protection, wildlife habitat, biodiversity, and other values.


This paper describes methods developed to (1) assess current risks, vulnerabilities, and gaps in knowledge; (2) engage internal agency resources and external partners in the development of options and solutions; and (3) manage forest resources for resilience, not just in terms of natural ecosystems but in affected human communities as well.


We describe an approach designed to characterize certain climate change effects on forests, and estimate the effectiveness of response options ranging from resistance to a realignment of management objectives.


Field testing on a 6,300 km2 area of conifer forest in the northwestern USA shows this decision model to be useful and cost-effective in identifying the highest sensitivities relating to vegetation management, biological diversity, water resources and forest transportation systems, and building consensus for adaptive strategies and actions.


Results suggest that this approach is an effective means for guiding management decisions to adapt to the effects of climate change, and provides an empirical basis for setting budgetary and management priorities.


Climate change vulnerability assessment Adaptation prioritization