, Volume 63, Issue 4, pp 223-229
Date: 26 Mar 2013

Postpartum Depression in North Indian Women: Prevalence and Risk Factors

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Introduction

Affective disorders occur commonly in postpartum period, ranging in severity from mild and transient “baby blues” experienced by 50–80 % of women to postpartum psychosis which affects <1 % of women [1]. Postpartum major depression lies along this spectrum of postnatal mood disorder. The debilitating effects of postpartum depression (PPD) can involve an entire family [2], and women afflicted with PPD are at high risk for recurrent depression [3]. Majority of them exhibit symptoms by 6 week postpartum and if not treated, many women continue to be depressed at the end of the first postpartum year [1]. Despite its serious consequences and amenity to treatment, PPD often remains unrecognized.

Numerous studies carried out in developed countries provide compelling evidence that postnatal depression is associated with long term emotional, cognitive, and intellectual problems in children [4]. There is some evidence that poor maternal mental health may also be associated with malnutri