Original Article

Environmental Earth Sciences

, Volume 66, Issue 3, pp 941-953

First online:

The national landslide database of Great Britain: development, evolution and applications

  • C. FosterAffiliated withBritish Geological Survey, Keyworth Email author 
  • , C. V. L. PenningtonAffiliated withBritish Geological Survey, Keyworth
  • , M. G. CulshawAffiliated withBritish Geological Survey, KeyworthSchool of Civil Engineering, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston
  • , K. LawrieAffiliated withBritish Geological Survey

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Landslide inventories are essential because they provide the basis for predictive landslide hazard and susceptibility assessments and because they allow for the manipulation and storage of temporal and spatial data. The National Landslide Database has been developed by the British Geological Survey (BGS). It is the most extensive source of information on landslides in Great Britain with over 15,000 records of landslide events each documented as fully as possible. This information is invaluable for planners and developers as it helps them investigate, avoid or mitigate areas of unstable ground in accordance with Government planning policy guidelines. Therefore, it is vital that the continual verification, collection and updating of landslide information is carried out as part of the Survey’s ‘National Capability’ work. This paper describes the evolution from a static database to one that is continually updated forming part of a suite of national digital hazard products. The history of the National Landslide Database and associated Geographical Information System (GIS) is discussed, together with its application and future development.


Landslide Database GIS Land-use planning