Epidemiological Aspects of Fungal Infections (T Chiller and J Baddley, Section Editors)

Current Fungal Infection Reports

, Volume 6, Issue 4, pp 327-335

Epidemiologic and Ecologic Features of Blastomycosis: A Review

  • Kaitlin BenedictAffiliated withMycotic Diseases Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Email author 
  • , Monika RoyAffiliated withMycotic Diseases Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
  • , Tom ChillerAffiliated withMycotic Diseases Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
  • , Jeffrey P. DavisAffiliated withBureau of Communicable Diseases and Emergency Response, Wisconsin Division of Public Health

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Abstract

Blastomycosis is a potentially fatal infection caused by Blastomyces dermatitidis, a fungus endemic to North America in areas surrounding the Ohio and Mississippi River valleys and the Great Lakes. The clinical manifestations, diagnostic techniques, and treatment strategies for blastomycosis are relatively well-described in the literature; however, the epidemiologic features of disease are not as clearly defined as those of other endemic mycoses, such as histoplasmosis and coccidioidomycosis. We review the ecologic and epidemiologic aspects of B. dermatitidis and blastomycosis, including geographic distribution, environmental niche, seasonality, and possible risk factors.

Keywords

Blastomycosis Blastomyces Fungus Epidemiology Ecology Risk factor Prevention