Review Article

Nano Research

, Volume 2, Issue 1, pp 1-29

Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.

Self-assembled materials for catalysis

  • Kake ZhuAffiliated withPacific Northwest National Laboratory
  • , Donghai WangAffiliated withPacific Northwest National Laboratory
  • , Jun LiuAffiliated withPacific Northwest National Laboratory Email author 

Abstract

The purpose of this review is to highlight developments in self-assembled nanostructured materials (i.e., mesoporous and nanoparticle-based materials) and their catalytic applications. Since there are many available reviews of metal-based nanoparticles as catalysts, this review will mainly focus on self-assembled oxide-based catalytic materials. The content includes: (1) design and synthetic strategies for self-assembled mesoporous catalysts, (2) polyoxometalate (POM)-based nanocatalysts, (3) dendrimer-based nanocatalysts, and (4) shaped nanomaterials and catalytic applications. We show that controlled assembly of molecules, crystalline seeds, and nano building blocks into organized mesoscopic structures or controlled morphologies is an effective approach for tailoring porosities of heterogeneous catalysts and controlling their catalytic activities.

http://static-content.springer.com/image/art%3A10.1007%2Fs12274-009-9002-2/MediaObjects/12274_2009_9002_Fig1_HTML.jpg

Keywords

Self-assembly mesoporous microporous nanoparticles polyoxometalates dendrimers zeolites layered double hydroxides heterogeneous catalysis