Research Article

Frontiers of Materials Science

, Volume 6, Issue 4, pp 319-325

Bulk scale production of carbon nanofibers in an economical way

  • Ravindra RajaraoAffiliated withCatalysis and Materials Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, National Institute of Technology Karnataka
  • , Badekai Ramachandra BhatAffiliated withCatalysis and Materials Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, National Institute of Technology Karnataka Email author 

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Abstract

An economical route for the scalable production of carbon nanofibers (CNFs) on a sodium chloride support has been developed. CNFs have been synthesized by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) method by using metal formate as catalyst precursors at 680°C. Products were characterized by SEM, TEM, Raman spectroscopy and XRD method. By thermal analysis, the purity of the as grown products and purified products were determined. This method avoids calcination and reduction process which was employed in commercial catalysts such as metal oxide or nitrate. The problems such as detrimental effect, environmental and even cost have been overcome by using sodium chloride as support. The yield of CNFs up to 7800 wt.% relative to the nickel catalyst has been achieved in the growth time of 15 min. The advantage of this synthesis technique is the simplicity and use of easily available low cost precursors.

Keywords

metal formate carbon nanofiber (CNF) chemical vapor deposition (CVD) high yield sodium chloride support environmental friendly route