Popular sovereignty and the historical origin of the social movement
- Jens Rudbeck
- … show all 1 hide
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
This article seeks to explain why the social movement had its historical origin in the 1760s. It argues that the rise of the social movement as a particular form of political action was closely linked to a new interpretation of sovereignty that emerged within eighteenth century British politics. This interpretation, which drew inspiration from Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s social contract thinking, not only resonated with the radicalism of John Wilkes and his followers’ struggle to promote civil liberties to Englishmen of all classes, it also spurred a transformation of the repertoire of popular contention. The article traces the evolution of the concept of sovereignty in British political thought from the Restoration to the Wilkites and discusses how this evolution informed the contentious actions of the Wilkites as they formed the first mass movement to promote a specific political issue.
- Almon, J. (1805). The correspondence of the late John Wilkes, with his friends, printed from the original manuscripts, with which are introduced memoirs of his life, vol.5. London: Richard Phillips. no.71, St. Paul’s Church-Yard.
- Baker, S. (1764). A catalogue of the valuable library of John Wilkes, Esq; which will be sold by auction. London: Baker.
- Benford, R. D., & Snow, D. (2000). Framing processes and social movements: An overview and assessment. Annual Review of Sociology, 26, 11–39. CrossRef
- Bradley, J. E. (1990). Religion, revolution, and radicalism: Non-conformity in eighteenth-century politics and society. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
- Bredvold, L. I. (1951). Review. Comparative Literature, 3(1), 92–94. CrossRef
- Brewer, J. (1981). Party ideology and popular politics at the accession of George III. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- Cash, A. (2006). John Wilkes: The scandalous father of civil liberty. New Haven: Yale University Press.
- Damrosch, L. (2007). Jean-Jacques Rousseau: Restless genius. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.
- Deane, S. (1973). Sale catalogues of libraries of eminent persons: William Goodwin, Warren Hastings, Thomas Hollis, Daniel O’Connell, John Wilkes. London: Marsell Information/Publishing Ltd.
- Della Porta, D., & Diani, M. (2006). Social movements: An introduction (2nd ed.). Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.
- Dew, B. (2009). “Waving a mouchoir à la Wilkes”: Hume, radicalism and the North Briton. Modern Intellectual History, 6(2), 235–260. CrossRef
- Dickinson, H. T. (1976). The eighteenth-century debate of the sovereignty of the parliament. Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, 26, 189–210. Fifth Series. CrossRef
- Dickinson, H. T. (2002). Popular politics and radical ideas. In T. H. Dickinson (Ed.), A companion to eighteenth-century Britain (pp. 97–111). Oxford: Blackwell Publishers Ltd. CrossRef
- Edwards, P. (2002). Political ideas from Locke to Paine. In T. H. Dickinson (Ed.), A companion to eighteenth-century Britain (pp. 294–310). Oxford: Blackwell Publishers Ltd.
- Hobbes, T. (1998). Leviathan. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- Lessnoff, M. (1986). Social contract. London: Macmillan.
- Locke, J. (1978). Two treatises of government. London: J.M. Dent & Sons LTD.
- McCarthy, J. D., & Zald, M. N. (1977). Resource mobilization and social movements: A partial theory. The American Journal of Sociology, 82(6), 1212–1241. CrossRef
- North Briton. no. 48, 14 May 1768.
- North Briton. no. 48, June 11, 1763.
- North Briton. no. 57, 16 July 1768.
- North Briton. no. 59, August 7, 1763.
- North Briton. vol. III, 1772.
- Rawls, J. (2007). Lectures on the history of political philosophy. Cambridge: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
- Redlich, J., & Hirst, F. W. (1903). Local government in England. London: MacMillan Company.
- Roddier, H. (1950). J.-J. Rousseau en Angleterre: Au xviir siècle. Paris: Boivin & Cie.
- Rousseau, J. (1973). The social contract and discourses. London: J.M. Dent & Sons LTD.
- Rudé, G. (1962). Wilkes and liberty: A social study of 1762 to 1774. Oxford: Clarendon.
- Rudé, G. (1995). Ideology and popular protest. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina.
- Sainsbury, J. (2006). John Wilkes: The lives of a libertine. Aldershot: Ashgate.
- Seeber, E. D. (1964). Rousseau’s expulsion from the Ile Saint-Pierre. M.L.N: Modern Language Notes, 75(5), 539–543.
- Sewell, W. H. (1996). Historical events as transformations of structures: Inventing revolution at the Bastille. Theory and Society, 25(6), 841–881. CrossRef
- Sewell, W. H. (2005). Logic of history: Social theory and social transformation. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
- Shapiro, I. (2003). The moral foundations of politics. New Haven: Yale University Press.
- Tarrow, S. (1998). Power in movement: Social movements and contentious politics (2nd ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
- Tarrow, S. (2011). Power in movement: Social movements and contentious politics (3rd ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
- Thomas, P. D. G. (1996). John Wilkes: A friend of liberty. Oxford: Clarendon.
- Tilly, C. (1995). Popular contention in Great Britain, 1758–1834. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
- Tilly, C. (1996). European revolutions, 1492–1992. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers Ltd.
- Tilly, C. (2004). Social movements, 1768–2004. Boulder: Paradigm Publishers.
- Tilly, C. (2008). Contentious performances. Boulder: Paradigm Publishers. CrossRef
- Tilly, C., & Wood, L. J. (2009). Social movements, 1768–2008 (2nd ed.). Boulder: Paradigm Publishers.
- Turner, M. J. (1999). British politics in an age of reform. Manchester: Manchester University Press.
- Wilkes, J. (1767). A complete collection of genuine papers, letters, & c. in the case of John Wilkes, ESQ. Paris: Chez J.W. Imprimeur, Rue Du Colombier, Fauxburgh, St. Germain, A L'Hotel Du Saxe.
- Popular sovereignty and the historical origin of the social movement
Theory and Society
Volume 41, Issue 6 , pp 581-601
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer Netherlands
- Additional Links
- Social contract theory
- Political Protest
- John Wilkes
- Jean-Jacques Rousseau
- Jens Rudbeck (1)
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Center for Global Affairs, New York University, Woolworth Building, Room 448, 15 Barclay Street, New York City, NY, 10007, USA