Journal of Nanoparticle Research

, Volume 13, Issue 1, pp 375–384

Synthesis of nickel nanoparticles in silica by alcogel electrolysis

  • Muhammad Z. Rana
  • Mazhar Mehmood
  • Jamil Ahmad
  • Muhammad Aslam
  • Syed K. Hasanain
  • Sohail Hameed
Research Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s11051-010-0040-1

Cite this article as:
Rana, M.Z., Mehmood, M., Ahmad, J. et al. J Nanopart Res (2011) 13: 375. doi:10.1007/s11051-010-0040-1

Abstract

We report a novel technique for the formation of metal nanoparticles, based on electrolysis of the alcogels containing metal chlorides. The alcogel was formed from TEOS, water, ethanol, and nickel chloride, and subjected to galvanostatic electrolysis. This resulted in successful formation of Ni nanoparticles inside the silica gel. Average particle size of FCC Ni lies between 18 and 20 nm. The formation of tetragonal nickel (a sub-oxide of nickel) as well as NiO were also detected by XRD and SAED. The resistivity measurements showed that the nickel nanoparticles were separated from each other by Ni(O) present between them. Magnetic studies based on ZFC and FC measurements below room temperature (up to 5 K) and above room temperature (up to 700 K) were conducted using SQUID and Magnetic TGA, respectively, which showed strong magnetic irreversibility as attributable to exchange interaction between metallic and oxide phases and mutual interactions among metallic particles in the network structure. The blocking temperature (~600 K) of the samples was above room temperature. M–H studies based on VSM showed an increase in magnetic coercivity with the formation of NiO. A magnetic transition associated with tetragonal nickel was seen at 10 K.

Keywords

Sol–gelAlcogel electrolysisNanoparticlesTetragonal nickelExchange interactionSynthesis at room temperatureMagnetism

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Muhammad Z. Rana
    • 1
  • Mazhar Mehmood
    • 1
  • Jamil Ahmad
    • 1
  • Muhammad Aslam
    • 1
  • Syed K. Hasanain
    • 2
  • Sohail Hameed
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering (DCME), National Centre for Nanotechnology (NCN)Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences (PIEAS)IslamabadPakistan
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsQuaid-i-Azam UniversityIslamabadPakistan
  3. 3.National Institute for Biotechnology and Genetic EngineeringFaisalabadPakistan