Original Paper

AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 12, Issue 3, pp 476-482

First online:

Prevalence and Risk Factors Associated with HIV Infection Among Men Having Sex with Men in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

  • Tuan Anh NguyenAffiliated withNational Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology
  • , Hien Tran NguyenAffiliated withNational Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology
  • , Giang Truong LeAffiliated withDepartment of Health Services
  • , Roger DetelsAffiliated withDepartment of Epidemiology, UCLA School of Public Health Email author 

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To learn more about risk behaviors among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Vietnam and their prevalence of HIV, we conducted a study among MSM in Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC) to determine HIV-1 prevalence and behaviors associated with infection. This consisted of formative (35 MSM) and cross-sectional (600 MSM) studies at 72 sites, including 75 transvestites, 55 bisexuals, 10 sex workers, and 460 other MSM. Only 5.3% cohabited with a wife/girlfriend, but 30% reported ever having sex with a female. Prevalence of HIV was 8%, ranging from 33% in sex workers to 7% among transvestites and other MSM. Injecting drugs, selling sex, being 20–40 years old, having less than 6 years of education, and having more than five male anal sex partners in the past month were associated with being HIV-infected. MSM are an HIV bridge group, and should be included in sentinel surveillance. Targeted interventions should be implemented.


HIV Men having sex with men (MSM) Vietnam Injection drug users (IDUs) Commercial sex workers (CSWs)