, Volume 18, Issue 1, pp 239-246
Date: 28 Feb 2013

Globulomaxillary cysts—do they really exist?

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Abstract

Objectives

The so-called “globulomaxillary cyst”, described as a fissural cyst, caused by entrapped epithelium between the nasal and maxillary process, is no longer considered for its own entity. Nevertheless, cystic lesions, which correspond to the previous image of globulomaxillary cysts, do still occur in daily practice. This raises the question to which entities pathological processes in this particular region actually belong to.

Materials and methods

In a retrospective study, 17 cases (12 men and 5 women, 12–59 years old) of primarily diagnosed globulomaxillary cysts are analysed according to clinical, radiological and histological aspects, catamnestic processed and assigned to a new entity. The results are compared with the international literature and draws conclusions on the diagnostic and therapeutic procedure.

Results

Seven lateral periodontal cysts, four radicular cysts, two keratocystic odontogenic tumours, one adenomatoid odontogenic tumour, one periapical granuloma, one residual cyst and one undefined jaw cyst were determined.

Conclusions

According to the results of our study and the data from the international literature, the entity globulomaxillary cyst is no longer justified.