, Volume 25, Issue 2, pp 114-121
Date: 26 Feb 2007

Establishment of peak bone mineral density in Southern Chinese males and its comparisons with other males from different regions of China

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Peak bone mineral density (PBMD) is an important determinant of osteoporotic fracture and a precondition for correct diagnosis of osteoporosis. The objective of this study was to establish the reference data of PBMD at the lumber spine and hip in Southern Chinese males. Bone mineral density (BMD) was measured at the lumbar spine and hip (femoral neck, trochanter, intertrochanter, and total) in 1155 Chinese men aged 15–39 years, using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). We utilized a fit curve method to determine the best age range over which to calculate PBMD. Our results indicated that the PBMD was observed at the age range of 18–25 years at the various sites. The mean value and standard deviation of PBMD was 0.753 ± 0.117, 1.156 ± 0.148, 0.896 ± 0.120, 0.989 ± 0.122, and 0.980 ± 0.116 g/cm2 at the trochanter, intertrochanter, femoral neck, total hip, and spine, respectively. When the present PBMD reference was compared with the documented PBMD reference of males from other regions of China, we found great difference in standardized PBMD between Changsha males and those from other regions of China. The PBMD for Chinese males in Changsha at the various sites were 3.19%–11.33% lower than that for American Caucasian males. In conclusion, the PBMD at the spine and hip may be used as normal reference data for Southern Chinese males in Changsha instead of documented PBMD from other regions of China and the manufacturer's reference data.