Annales Henri Poincaré

, 10:1075

First online:

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The Inner Cauchy Horizon of Axisymmetric and Stationary Black Holes with Surrounding Matter in Einstein–Maxwell Theory: Study in Terms of Soliton Methods

  • Jörg HennigAffiliated withMax Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics Email author 
  • , Marcus AnsorgAffiliated withInstitute of Biomathematics and Biometry, Helmholtz Zentrum München


We use soliton methods in order to investigate the interior electrovacuum region of axisymmetric and stationary, electrically charged black holes with arbitrary surrounding matter in Einstein–Maxwell theory. These methods can be applied since the Einstein–Maxwell vacuum equations permit the formulation in terms of the integrability condition of an associated linear matrix problem. We find that there always exists a regular inner Cauchy horizon inside the black hole, provided the angular momentum J and charge Q of the black hole do not vanish simultaneously. Moreover, the soliton methods provide us with an explicit relation for the metric on the inner Cauchy horizon in terms of that on the event horizon. In addition, our analysis reveals the remarkable universal relation (8πJ)2 + (4πQ 2)2 = A + A , where A + and A denote the areas of event and inner Cauchy horizon, respectively.