, Volume 22, Issue 2, pp 97-110

Life sciences and cyberinfrastructure: Dual and interacting revolutions that will drive future science

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Over the past quarter century, two revolutions, one in biomedicine, the other in computing and information technology leading to cyberinfrastructure, have made the largest advances and the most significant impacts on science, technology, and society. The interface between these areas is rich with opportunity for major advances. The Life Sciences Grid Research Group (LSG-RG) of the Global Grid Forum recognized the opportunities and needs to bring the communities together to ensure the cyberinfrastructure will be constructed for the benefit of science. This article gives an overview of the area, the activities of the LSG-RG, and the minisymposium organized by LSG-RG, and introduces the papers in this Special Issue of New Generation Computing.

Peter Arzberger, Ph.D.: He is the Director of Life Sciences Initiatives, University of California San Diego; Director of the National Biomedical Computation Resource (http://nbcr.ucsd.edu), funded by the National Center of Research Resource of NIH; and the Chair of the Pacific Rim Application and Grid Middleware Assembly (http://www.pragma-grid.edu), an organization of 20 institutions around the pacific rim whose mission is to establish sustained collaborations and to advance the use of grid technologies in applications. He serves on the US National CODATA Committee and the National Advisory Board of the US Long Term Ecological Research. His hobby is working on Lloyds.
Abbas Farazdel, Ph.D.: He is a Senior Scientist and an IT Solution Strategist in the Advanced Technologies unit at the IBM Life Sciences. Previously, Dr. Farazdel worked at several positions in IBM including Cluster System Strategist; Data Warehousing and Data Mining Solutions Implementation Manager; and High Performance Computing Consultant. Abbas is the co-chair of the Global Grid Forum (GGF) Life Sciences Grids Research Group. He serves on the Scientific Board of the European Health Grid and the Mid Hudson Technology Council of New York. Abbas received his Ph.D. in Quantum Chemistry and M.Sc. in Computational Physics from the University of Massachusetts concurrently.
Akihiko Konagaya, Dr. Eng.: He is Project Director of Bioinformatics Group, RIKEN Genomic Sciences Center. He received his B.S. and M.S. from Tokyo Institute of Technology in 1978 and 1980 in Informatics Science, and joined NEC Corporation in 1980, Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology in 1997, RIKEN GSC in 2003. His research covers wide area from computer architectures to bioinformatics. He has been much involved into the Open Bioinformatics Grid project since 2002.
Larry Ang: As the Project Director in the Bioinformatics Institute (BII), he is in charge of major international collaborative projects on biomedical grids between BII and other research organizations (http://web.bii.a-star.edu.sg/ larry/). In particular, he works actively with bodies such as Pragma where he serves on the Steering Committee. He is also the Secretary of the Life Sciences Grid Research Group of GGF (Global Grid Forum) He serves on the Gelato Federation; Gelato was started by HP Labs and pushes open source software on linux platforms.
Shinji Shimojo, Ph.D.: He received his M.E. and Ph.D. degrees from Osaka University in 1983 and 1986, respectively. He was an Assistant Professor with the Department of Information and Computer Sciences, Faculty of Engineering Science at Osaka University from 1986, and an Associate Professor with Computation Center from 1991 to 1998. During the period, he also worked as a visiting researcher at the University of California, Irvine for a year. He has been a Professor with Cybermedia Center (then Computation Center) at Osaka University since 1998. His current research work is focusing on a wide variety of multimedia applications, peer-to-peer communication networks, ubiquitous network systems and Grid technologies. He is a member of ACM, IEEE and IEICE.
Rick L. Stevens, Ph.D.: He is Professor, University of Chicago; director, Mathematics and Computer Science Division/Argonne National Laboratory; director, ANL/UC Computation Institute; project director for National Science Foundation supported TeraGrid project; head of the Argonne/Chicago Futures Lab. He is interested in the development of innovative tools and techniques that enable computational scientists to solve important large-scale problems effectively on advanced scientific computers. His research focuses on three principal areas: advanced collaboration and visualization environments, high-performance computer architectures (including Grids), and computational problems in life sciences and systems biology. He teaches courses on computer architecture, collaboration technology, virtual reality, parallel computing, and computational science.