Austin, T., & Buzawa, E. (1993). Determining police responses to domestic violence victims: The role of victim preference.Am. Beh. Scientist 36
Bachman, R., & Coker, A.L. (1995). Police involvement in domestic violence: The interactive effects of victim injury, offender's history of violence, and race.Violence and Victims 10, 96–106.
Berk, R., Berk, S., Newton, P., & Loseke, D. (1984). Cops on call: Summoning the police to the scene of spousal abuse.Law and Society Review 18
Berk, R., & Loseke, D. (1980–1981). Handling family violence: Situational determinants of police arrest in domestic disturbances.Law and Society Review 15
Brosnan, D. (1992). Perceptions of bystander willingness to intervene on behalf of victims of assaults: Implications for the development of co-productive strategies.Criminal Justice Policy Review 6(1), 40–54.
Buzawa, E., & Buzawa, C. (1993). Opening the doors: The changing police response to domestic violence. In R. Dunham, R. & Alpert, G. (Eds.),Critical issues in policing (2nd ed., pp. 551–567). Prospect Heights, IL: Waveland.
Buzawa, E., & Buzawa, C. (2001). Traditional and innovative police responses to domestic violence. In Dunham, R., & Alpert, G. (Eds.),Critical issues in policing (4th ed., pp. 216–237). Prospect Heights, IL: Waveland.
Buzawa, E., Hotaling, G., Klein, A., & Byrne, J. (1999).Response to domestic violence in a proactive court setting: Final report. National Institute of Justice of the U.S. Department of Justice, Washington, D.C.
Felson, R., & Ackerman, J. (2001). Arrests for domestic and other assaults.Criminology 39
Felson, R., Messner, S., & Hoskin, A. (1999). The victim-offender relationship and calling the police in assaults.Criminology 37
Hoefnagels, C., & Zwikker, M. (2001). The bystander dilemma and child abuse: Extending the Latane and Darley model to domestic violence.Journal of Applied Social Psychology 31
Hoyle, C., & Sanders A. (2000). Police response to domestic violence: From victim choice to victim empowerment.British Journal of Criminology 40
Hutchinson, I., & Hirschel, J.D. (2001). Effects of children's presence on woman abuse.Violence and Victims 16, 3–17.
Laner, M., Benin, M., & Ventrone, N. (2001). Bystander attitudes toward victims of violence: Who's worth helping?Deviant Behavior: An Interdisciplinary Journal 22, 23–42.
Mignon, S. & Holmes, W. (1995). Police response to mandatory arrest laws.Crime and Delinquency 41
Planty, M. (2002).Third-party involvement in violent crime, 1993–99 (NCJ 189100). Bureau of Justice Statistics Special Report (July). 1–7.
Robinson, A., & Chandek, M. (2000) The domestic violence arrest decision: Examining demographic, attitudinal, and situational variables.Crime and Delinquency 43, 104–118.
Stalans, L. (1996). Family harmony or individual protection? Recommendations about how policy can handle domestic violence situations.Am. Beh. Scientist 39
Vermont State Police. (1998)Vermont State Police rules and regulations, operational policies and procedures, Section V, Chapter 5, Article V111, 4.1 (A) (5).