, Volume 214, Issue 1-2, pp 65-72

Phloem loading in the sucrose-export-defective (SXD-1 ) mutant maize is limited by callose deposition at plasmodesmata in bundle sheath—vascular parenchyma interface

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Using Lucifer Yellow we have demonstrated that the phloem-loading pathway from the mesophyll to the bundle sheath—vascular parenchyma interface inZea mays source leaves follows a symplasmic route in small and intermediate vascular bundles in control as well as in the green sections of mutant sucrose-export-defective (SXD-1) plants. In the anthocyanin-rich mutant leaf sections, Lucifer Yellow transport was prohibited along the same path, at the bundle sheath—vascular parenchyma interface in particular. Plasmodesmata at the latter interface in SXD-1 anthocyanin-rich leaf sections appear to be structurally altered through callose deposition at the plasmodesmal orifices. We suggest that a transport bottleneck at the bundle sheath—vascular parenchyma interface is thus orchestrated and regulated through callose formation, preventing symplasmic transport across this important loading interface.