Higher Education

, Volume 27, Issue 4, pp 429-447

First online:

Enhancing organizational effectiveness: The importance of culture type and mission agreement

  • Nancy FjortoftAffiliated withCollege of Pharmacy (M/C 874), University of Illinois at Chicago
  • , John C. SmartAffiliated withDepartment of Leadership, Memphis State University

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The purpose of this study is to examine the independent and conditional effects of organizational culture type and level of mission agreement on the organizational effectiveness of four-year colleges and universities. While significant differences are found for both culture type and mission agreement, there are important conditional effects on two of the effectiveness measures. The implications of these findings for efforts to enhance the effectiveness of colleges and universities are discussed.