, Volume 8, Issue 2, pp 143-155

Differential effects of putative lipoxygenase inhibitors on arachidonic acid metabolism in cell-free and intact cell preparations

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The effects of nordihydroguairetic acid (NDGA), 3-amino-1-trifluoromethyl-)-phenyl-2-pyrazoline (BW755c), eicostatetraynoic acid (ETYA), phenidone, quercetin, and indomethacin (INDO) on the synthesis of 15-hydroxyeicosatatetraenoic acid (15-HETE) from soybean 15-lipoxygenase, leukotriene B4 (LTB4 from 5-lipoxygenase, and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2 from cyclooxygenase enzymes of rat neutrophils and mouse peritoneal macrophages were investigated. All of the drugs caused a dose-related inhibition of increased oxygen consumption by soybean 15-lipoxygenase in the presence of arachidonic acid and the rank order of potency was phenidone ≥ BW755c > ETYA > quercetin > NDGA > indomethacin. The reduction in oxygen consumption correlated with a reduction of 15-HETE formation as identified by high-performance liquid chromatography. Apart from indomethacin, these drugs were also effective against the rat neutrophil 5-lipoxygenase, although the rank order of potency did not correlate with that obtained with soybean 15-lipoxygenase. Furthermore, in both A23187-activated rat neutrophils and zymosan-activated mouse peritoneal macrophages the synthesis of prostaglandins was inhibited by all of these drugs. In the neutrophils, the rank order of potency was INDO > ETYA > BW755c > quercetin > NDGA > phenidone, whereas in mouse peritoneal macrophages, the order was INDO > ETYA > BW755c > NDGA > quercetin > phenidone. These results suggest that putative lipoxygenase inhibitors exhibit both qualitative and quantitative differences in their effects on both lipoxygenases and cyclooxygenases.