Evaluation of the dietary pattern of patients with type 2 diabetes in Northern Jordan: An inconvenient truth!
First Online: 08 December 2013 Received: 04 August 2012 Accepted: 11 September 2013 DOI:
Cite this article as: Bawadi, H., Abu-Jamous, D. & Tayyem, R.F. Int J Diabetes Dev Ctries (2014) 34: 134. doi:10.1007/s13410-013-0149-8 Abstract
This cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate the dietary profile of patients with type 2 diabetes in northern Jordan. 750 patients aged between 22 and 84 years were recruited from the endocrinology clinics at King Abdulla University Hospital in northern Jordan. Dietary assessment was performed using valid semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). Glycosylated hemoglobin, height, body weight and waist circumference were measured. Both, males and females, failed to meet the recommended target of glycosylated hemoglobin, BMI, and waist circumference. Patients reported high intakes of fruits (~4.5 servings/day) and grains (~17 servings/day); enough intakes of vegetables (~4 servings/day) and low intakes of milk (~1.5 servings/day), meat and beans (~1 serving/day). High intakes of fiber, simple sugar and sodium were observed. Macronutrient contribution to daily caloric consumption was 65 % from carbohydrates, 13 % protein, and 29 % fat (distributed as 8 % from saturated fat, 14 % from monounsaturated fat, and 3.5 % from polyunsaturated fat). In conclusion, the dietary profile for diabetic patients in Jordan failed to meet the recommendations in several aspects including, high consumption of carbohydrates, sugar, and sodium; and low intake of PUFA.
Keywords Jordan Diet Diabetes References
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