The journal of nutrition, health & aging

, Volume 19, Issue 5, pp 491–496

Assessment of a self-reported drinks diary for the estimation of drinks intake by care home residents: Fluid intake study in the elderly (FISE)

Open Access
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s12603-015-0458-3

Cite this article as:
Jimoh, F.O., Bunn, D. & Hooper, L. J Nutr Health Aging (2015) 19: 491. doi:10.1007/s12603-015-0458-3

Abstract

Objectives

We evaluated the accuracy of a newly developed self-completed Drinks Diary in care home residents and compared it with direct observation and fluid intake charts.

Design

Observational study. Setting: Residential care homes in Norfolk, UK.

Participants

22 elderly people (18 women, mean age 86.6 years SD 8.6, 12 with MMSE scores <27).

Measurements

Participants recorded their own drinks intake over 24 hours using the Drinks Diary while care staff used the homes’ usual fluid intake chart to record drinks intake. These records were compared with drinks intake assessed by researcher direct observation (reference method), during waking hours (6am to 10pm), while drinks taken from 10pm to 6am were self-reported and checked with staff. Results: Drinks intake assessed by the Drinks Diary was highly correlated with researcher direct observation (Pearson correlation coefficient r=0.93, p<0.001, mean difference −163ml/day) while few staff-completed fluid charts were returned and correlation was low (r=0.122, p=0.818, mean difference 702ml/day). The Drinks Diary classified 19 of 22 participants correctly as drinking enough or not using both the European Food Safety Authority and US recommendations.

Conclusion

The Drinks Diary estimate of drinks intake was comparable with direct observation and more accurate (and reliably completed) than staff records. The Drinks Diary can provide a reliable estimate of drinks intake in elderly care home residents physically and cognitively able to complete it. It may be useful for researchers, care staff and practitioners needing to monitor drinks intake of elderly people, to help them avoid dehydration.

Key words

Nutrition surveys homes for the aged beverages dehydration aged 
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Copyright information

© Serdi and Springer-Verlag France 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Norwich Medical SchoolUniversity of East Anglia, Norwich Research ParkNorwichNorfolk, UK
  2. 2.NorwichUK

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