Folia Microbiologica

, Volume 59, Issue 2, pp 115–125

DNA persistence after treatment of Lyme borreliosis

  • D. Pícha
  • L. Moravcová
  • D. Vaňousová
  • J. Hercogová
  • Z. Blechová
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s12223-013-0272-4

Cite this article as:
Pícha, D., Moravcová, L., Vaňousová, D. et al. Folia Microbiol (2014) 59: 115. doi:10.1007/s12223-013-0272-4

Abstract

One hundred twenty-four patients—53 with neuroborreliosis, 48 with erythema migrans, and 23 with Lyme arthritis—were tested in a prospective study for the presence of the DNA of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato in plasma, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), urine, and synovial fluid by nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Specific DNA was detected using five amplification systems simultaneously: three targeted chromosomal genes encoding 16S rDNA, flagellin, and p66; and two plasmid sequences of OspA and OspC. Patients were examined clinically and by PCR before and after treatment and again after 3 and 6 months. Before treatment, the specific DNA was detected in 78 patients (62.9 %). Forty-one neuroborreliosis patients were DNA-positive (77.4 %), with CSF positivity in 26 patients, urine in 25, and plasma in 16. Twenty-six erythema migrans patients were DNA-positive (54.2 %), with plasma positivity in 18 cases and urine in 14. Eleven Lyme arthritis cases (47.8 %) were DNA positive (six in urine, five in plasma, and four in synovial fluid). The frequency of PCR positives was comparable in CSF and urine, and it was lower by approximately 50 % in plasma. Specific DNA was also found in a significant number of patients in later testing periods: 48 patients after treatment, 29 patients after 3 months, and 6 patients after 6 months. The prolonged PCR positivity was not explainable by persistent infection according to the clinical manifestations of the disease. Possible explanations of the problem are discussed.

Abbreviations

AIBb

Specific antibody index

CSF

Cerebrospinal fluid

EIA

Enzyme immunoassay

EM

Erythema migrans

ISEM

Immunosorbent electron microscopy

LA

Lyme arthritis

LD

Lyme disease

NB

Neuroborreliosis

PCR

Polymerase chain reaction

WB

Western blotting

Copyright information

© Institute of Microbiology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, v.v.i. 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Pícha
    • 1
  • L. Moravcová
    • 1
  • D. Vaňousová
    • 2
  • J. Hercogová
    • 2
  • Z. Blechová
    • 1
  1. 1.1st Clinic for Infectious Diseases, Hospital Na Bulovce, 2nd Medical SchoolCharles UniversityPragueCzech Republic
  2. 2.Clinic of Dermatology, Hospital Na Bulovce, 2nd Medical SchoolCharles UniversityPragueCzech Republic