Annals of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 41, Issue 2, pp 243–251

Perceived Weight Discrimination Amplifies the Link Between Central Adiposity and Nondiabetic Glycemic Control (HbA1c)

  • Vera K. Tsenkova
  • Deborah Carr
  • Dale A. Schoeller
  • Carol D. Ryff
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s12160-010-9238-9

Cite this article as:
Tsenkova, V.K., Carr, D., Schoeller, D.A. et al. ann. behav. med. (2011) 41: 243. doi:10.1007/s12160-010-9238-9

Abstract

Background

While the preclinical development of type 2 diabetes is partly explained by obesity and central adiposity, psychosocial research has shown that chronic stressors such as discrimination have health consequences as well.

Purpose

We investigated the extent to which the well-established effects of obesity and central adiposity on nondiabetic glycemic control (indexed by HbA1c) were moderated by a targeted psychosocial stressor linked to weight: perceived weight discrimination.

Methods

The data came from the nondiabetic subsample (n = 938) of the Midlife in the United States (MIDUS II) survey.

Results

Body mass index (BMI), waist-to-hip ratio, and waist circumference were linked to significantly higher HbA1c (p < 0.001). Multivariate-adjusted models showed that weight discrimination exacerbated the effects of waist-to-hip ratio on HbA1c ( p < 0.05), such that people who had higher waist-to-hip ratios and reported weight discrimination had the highest HbA1c levels.

Conclusion

Understanding how biological and psychosocial factors interact at nondiabetic levels to increase vulnerability could have important implications for public health and education strategies. Effective strategies may include targeting sources of discrimination rather than solely targeting the health behaviors and practices of overweight and obese persons.

Keywords

DiabetesWeight discriminationObesityIndividual differences

Copyright information

© The Society of Behavioral Medicine 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vera K. Tsenkova
    • 1
  • Deborah Carr
    • 2
  • Dale A. Schoeller
    • 3
  • Carol D. Ryff
    • 4
  1. 1.School of Medicine and Public HealthUniversity of Wisconsin-MadisonMadisonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Sociology and Institute for Health, Health Care Policy and Aging ResearchRutgers UniversityNew BrunswickUSA
  3. 3.Department of Nutritional SciencesUniversity of Wisconsin—MadisonMadisonUSA
  4. 4.Institute on Aging, Department of PsychologyUniversity of Wisconsin—MadisonMadisonUSA