Aghion, P., Tirole, J. (1997). Formal and real authority in organizations. Journal of Political Economy, 105
Al-Jurf, S. (2007). Participatory development & NGOs: A. look at the World Bank in the 1990s
. Viewed 6 Nov 2010 from http://www.uiowa.edu/ifdebook/ebook2/contents/part2-I.V..shtml
Bank Information Center (2003) BIC toolkits for activists, issue 6: The role of Congress in multilateral development bank reform
. Viewed 6 Nov 2010 from http://www.bicusa.org/en/Article.304.aspx
Barnett, M., & Finnemore, M. (1999). The politics, power, and pathologies of international organizations. International Organization, 53
Bodansky, D. (1999). The legitimacy of international governance: A coming challenge for international environmental law? American Journal of International Law, 93
Clark, A. M. (2001). Diplomacy of conscience: Amnesty International and changing human rights norms. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Coleman, W., & Wayland, S. (2006). The origins of global civil society and non-territorial governance: Some empirical reflections. Global Governance, 12(3), 241–261
Cooley, A., & Ron, J. (2002). The NGO scramble: Organizational insecurity and the political economy of transnational action. International Security, 27
Crossette, B. (1992). Movement builds to fight harmful projects in poor nations. The New York Times, 23 Jun 1992.
Dai, X. (2002). Information systems in treaty regimes. World Politics, 54
Dai, X. (2005). Why comply? The domestic constituency mechanism. International Organization, 59
Depledge, J. (2008). Crafting the copenhagen consensus: Some reflections. Review of European Community and International Environmental Law, 17
Edwards, M. (2001). Introduction. In M. Edwards & J. Gaventa (Eds.), Global citizen action. Boulder: Lynne Rienner.
Environmental News Service (2005). British industry cuts climate emissions below expectations
. Viewed 5 Dec 2010 from http://www.ens-newswire.com/ens/jul2005/2005-07-21-04.html
EurActiv (2007). Global carbon trading ‘short-sighted’, NGO says. Accessed 14 Jun, viewed 5 Dec 2010 from http://www.euractiv.com/en/climate-change/global-carbon-trading-short-sighted-ngo/article-164601
Falk, R. (1993). The making of global citizenship. In J. Brecher, J. B. Childs, & J. Cutler (Eds.), Global visions: Beyond the New World Order. Boston: South End Press.
Florini, A., & Simmons, P. (2000). What the world needs now? In A. Florini (Ed.), The third force: The rise of transnational civil society. Washington, DC: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
Fox, J., & Brown, L. D. (1998a). Assessing the impact of NGO advocacy campaigns on World Bank projects and policies. In J. Fox & L. D. Brown (Eds.), The struggle for accountability: The World Bank, NGOs, and grassroots movements. Cambridge: MIT Press.
Fox, J., & Brown, L. D. (Eds.) (1998b). The struggle for accountability: The World Bank, NGOs and grassroots movements. Cambridge: MIT Press.
Gemmill, B., & Bamidele-Izu, A. (2002). The role of NGOs and civil society in global environmental governance. In D. C. Esty & M. H. Ivanova (Eds.), Global environmental governance: Options & opportunities. New Haven: Yale Center for Environmental Law and Policy.
Global Environment Facility (2010). What is the GEF
? Viewed 17 Nov 2010 from http://188.8.131.52/interior_right.aspx?id=50
Gulbrandsen, L. H., & Andresen, S. (2004). NGO influence in the implementation of the Kyoto Protocol: Compliance, flexibility mechanisms, and sinks. Global Environmental Politics, 4
Guzman, A. T. (2008). How international law works: A rational choice theory. New York: Oxford University Press.CrossRef
Gwin, C. (1994). U.S. Relations with the World Bank 1945–1992. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution.
Hovi, J., Skodvin, T., & Andresen, S. (2003), The persistence of the Kyoto Protocol: Why other Annex I countries move on without the United States. Global Environmental Politics, 3
Hurd, I. (1999). Legitimacy and authority in international politics. International Organization, 53
Kapur, D., Lewis, J., & Webb, R. (1997). The World Bank: Its first half-century. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution.
Keck, M. E., & Sikkink, K. (1998). Activists beyond borders: Advocacy networks in international politics. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Keohane, R. O. (1984). After hegemony: Cooperation and Discord in the World Political Economy. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Linaweaver, S. (2002). Catching the boomerang: EIA, the World Bank, and excess accountability. SOAS Water Issues Group Occassional Papers 42.
Lipschutz, R. (1992). Reconstructing world politics: The emergence of global civil society. Millenium: Journal of International Studies, 21
Mitchell, R. B. (1994). Regime design matters: Intentional oil pollution and treaty compliance. International Organization, 48
Nelson, P. (1997). Deliberation, leverage, or coercion? The World Bank, NGOs, and global environmental politics. Journal of Peace Research, 34
Nelson, P. (2000). Heroism and ambiguity: NGO advocacy in international policy. Voluntas, 13(4), 478–490.
Nordhaus, W. (2001). Global warming economics. Science, 294
O’Neill, B., & Oppenheimer, M. (2002). Dangerous climate imacts and the Kyoto Protocol. Science, 296
Payne, R. (1996). Deliberating global environmental politics. Journal of Peace Research, 33
Pew Center on Global Climate Change (2010). History of the Kyoto Protocol
. Viewed 9 Nov 2010 from http://www.pewclimate.org/history_of_kyoto.cfm
Pralle, S. (2003). Venue shopping, political strategy, and policy change: The internationalization of Canadian forest advocacy. Journal of Public Policy, 23
Price, R. (1998). Reversing the gun sights: Transnational civil society targets land mines. International Organization, 52
Raustiala, K. (1997). States, NGOs, and international environmental institutions. International Studies Quarterly, 41
Reed, D. (1993). The Global Environment Facility and non-governmental organizations. American University Journal of International Law and Policy, 9(1), 191–213.
Rich, B. (1994). Mortgaging the Earth: The World Bank, environmental improvishment, and the crisis of development. Boston: Beacon Press.
Rieman, K. (2006). A view from the top: International politics, norms and the worldwide growth of NGOs. International Studies Quarterly, 50
Risse, T. (2000). The power of norms versus the norms of power: Transnational civil society and human rights. In A. Florini (Ed.), The third force: The rise of transnational civil society. Washington, DC: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
Robinson, E. (1992). At Earth Summit, south aims to send bill north; developing nations, putting priority on growth, say cleanup is possible—for a price. The Washington Post 1 June 1992.
Shaw, M. (1992). Global society and global responsibility: The theoretical, historical, and political limits of ‘international society’. Millenium: Journal of International Studies, 21
Shihata, I. (1991). The World Bank in a changing world (Vol. 2). Boston: M. Nijhoff Publishers.
Simmons, B. A. (2009). Mobilizing for human rights: International law in domestic politics. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Simmons, P. (1998). Learning to live with NGOs. Foreign Policy, 112
Spiro, P. (1998). New global communities: Nongovernmental organizations in international decision making institutions. Washington Quarterly, 18(1), 45–56.
Streck, C. (2001). The Global Environment Facility—a role model for international governance? Global Environmental Politics, 1
Thomas, D. (2001). The Helsinki effect: International norms, human rights, and the demise of communism. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Thompson, A. (2006). Coercion through I.O.s: The Security Council and the logic of information transmission. International Organization, 60
Udall, L. (1998). The World Bank and public accountability: Has anything changed? In J. Fox & L. D. Brown (Eds.), The struggle for accountability: The World Bank, NGOs, and grassroots movements. Cambridge: MIT Press.
United Nations (1997). UN Earth summit: Background
. Viewed 28 Nov 2010 from http://www.un.org/geninfo/bp/envirp2.html
USAID (2001a). Multilateral development bank loans that raise environmental concerns: Introduction
. Viewed 6 Nov 2010 from http://www.usaid.gov/pubs/mdb/introduction.html
USAID (2001b) Multilateral development bank loans that raise environmental concerns: Summary
. Viewed 6 Nov 2010 from http://www.usaid.gov/pubs/mdb/index.html
Wade, R. (1997) Greening the Bank: The struggle over the environment 1970–1995. In D. Kapur, J. Lewis, & R. Webb (Eds.), The World Bank: It’s first half-century (Vol. 2). Brookings Institution, Greening the Bank.
Wade, R. (2009). Accountability gone wrong: The World Bank, nongovernmental organizations and the US government in a fight over China. New Political Economy, 14
Woerdman, E. (2000). Implementing the Kyoto Protocol: Why JI and CDM show more promise than international emissions trading. Energy Policy, 28
Xing, L., Xiaohua, S., & Jing, F. (2009). China committed to emission cut: Wen
. China Daily
19 Dec, viewed 5 Dec 2010 from http://news.asiaone.com/News/Latest20091219-186871.html
Young, Z. (1999). NGOs and the Global Environment Facility: Friendly foes? Environmental Politics, 8