Synthese

, Volume 191, Issue 15, pp 3733–3758

A conditional logic for abduction

Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11229-014-0496-0

Cite this article as:
Beirlaen, M. & Aliseda, A. Synthese (2014) 191: 3733. doi:10.1007/s11229-014-0496-0

Abstract

We propose a logic of abduction that (i) provides an appropriate formalization of the explanatory conditional, and that (ii) captures the defeasible nature of abductive inference. For (i), we argue that explanatory conditionals are non-classical, and rely on Brian Chellas’s work on conditional logics for providing an alternative formalization of the explanatory conditional. For (ii), we make use of the adaptive logics framework for modeling defeasible reasoning. We show how our proposal allows for a more natural reading of explanatory relations, and how it overcomes problems faced by other systems in the literature.

Keywords

Abduction Adaptive logics Conditional logic Non-monotonic logic 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Instituto de Investigaciones FilosóficasNational Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM)Coyoacán, D.F.Mexico