Environmental anomalies at the World Trade Center: evidence for energetic materials
- Kevin R. RyanAffiliated with Email author
- , James R. GourleyAffiliated with
- , Steven E. JonesAffiliated withS&J Scientific Co.
Investigators monitoring air quality at the World Trade Center, after the September 11th attacks, found extremely high levels of volatile organic chemicals as well as unusual species that had never been seen before in structure fires. Data collected by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency indicate striking spikes in levels of benzene, styrene, and several other products of combustion. These spikes occurred on specific dates in October and November 2001, and February 2002. Additionally, data collected by researchers at the University of California Davis showed similar spikes in the levels of sulfur and silicon compounds, and certain metals, in aerosols. To better explain these data, as well as the unusual detection of 1,3-diphenylpropane, the presence of energetic nanocomposites in the pile at Ground Zero is hypothesized.
KeywordsWorld Trade Center EPA 1,3-diphenylpropane Aluminothermics Energetic nanocomposites Volatile organic chemicals
- Environmental anomalies at the World Trade Center: evidence for energetic materials
- Open Access
- Available under Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.
Volume 29, Issue 1 , pp 56-63
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- Springer US
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- World Trade Center
- Energetic nanocomposites
- Volatile organic chemicals
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