August 2009, Volume 20, Issue 6, pp 887-894,
Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.
Date: 20 Mar 2009
MassBuilt: effectiveness of an apprenticeship site-based smoking cessation intervention for unionized building trades workers
Blue-collar workers are difficult to reach and less likely to successfully quit smoking. The objective of this study was to test a training site-based smoking cessation intervention.
This study is a randomized-controlled trial of a smoking cessation intervention that integrated occupational health concerns and was delivered in collaboration with unions to apprentices at 10 sites (n = 1,213). We evaluated smoking cessation at 1 and 6 months post-intervention.
The baseline prevalence of smoking was 41%. We observed significantly higher quit rates in the intervention versus control group (26% vs. 16.8%; p = 0.014) 1 month after the intervention. However, the effects diminished over time so that the difference in quit rate was not significant at 6 month post-intervention (9% vs. 7.2%; p = 0.48). Intervention group members nevertheless reported a significant decrease in smoking intensity (OR = 3.13; 95% CI: 1.55–6.31) at 6 months post-intervention, compared to controls.
The study demonstrates the feasibility of delivering an intervention through union apprentice programs. Furthermore, the notably better 1-month quit rate results among intervention members and the greater decrease in smoking intensity among intervention members who continued to smoke underscore the need to develop strategies to help reduce relapse among blue-collar workers who quit smoking.
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- MassBuilt: effectiveness of an apprenticeship site-based smoking cessation intervention for unionized building trades workers
- Open Access
- Available under Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.
Cancer Causes & Control
Volume 20, Issue 6 , pp 887-894
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer Netherlands
- Additional Links
- Smoking cessation
- Worksite health promotion
- Tobacco control
- Labor unions
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Robert Wood Johnson Health and Society Scholars Program, University of California San Francisco and Berkeley, 3333 California St, Suite 465, 94709-0844, San Francisco, CA, USA
- 2. Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Floor 7, Boston, MA, USA
- 3. Center for Community-Based Research, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA, USA
- 4. Department of Biostatistics, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
- 5. Department of Biostatistics, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA, USA
- 6. Health Dialog, Inc., Boston, MA, USA