Original Paper


, Volume 23, Issue 3, pp 525-542

First online:

Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.

The Many Faces of Psychoontology

  • Konrad WernerAffiliated withJagiellonian University, Institute of Philosophy Email author 


Psychoontology is a philosophical theory of the cognizing subject and various related matters. In this article. I present two approaches to the discipline—the first proposed by Jerzy Perzanowski, the second by Jesse Prinz and Yoram Hazony. I then undertake to bring these into unity using certain ideas from Husserl and Frege. Applying the functor qua, psychoontology can be described as a discipline concerned with: (a) the cognizing subject qua being—this leads to the question: what kind of being is the subject (is it an object?, simple or complex?, a process?) and what makes him/her/it possible; (b) being qua cognized, this leads to the question: under what conditions can we access the world? Since the notion of being qua cognized might seem peculiar, I present its context and discuss it in detail in the last section.


Cognition Cognitive science Hazony Perzanowski Prinz Psychoontology Qua